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psy Ch 1 Dewey

Ch 1

psychology the science that deals with the behavior and thinking of organism
science a branch of study that is based on systematically conducted research
behavior refers to those activities of people or animals that can be observed directly or measured by special techniques
thinking refers to unobservable activity by which a person or animal reorganizes past experiences through the use of symbols and concepts
organism is any living person or animal
anthropology is the study of the culture, or way of life, of people in all parts of the world
sociology the science most closely related to many areas of psychology; it focuses mainly on groups instead of individuals(psychologist)
social psychology concerned with the effects of groups on the individual and with how individuals think about other people
structuralism an approach to psychology that focused on the structure of human consciousness; Wundt studied the structure of human conscience, his approach came to be known as structuralism
functionalism an approach to psy that focused on how the mind works rather than on the structure of mental process; William James
psychoanalysis a system of psychological theory and treatment for personality disturbances first developed by Sigmund Freud; the process of bringing unconscious feelings to the surface
behaviorism an approach to psy that focuses on overt behavior and is based on the belief that personality is determened by rewards and punishment
Wilhelm Wundt structuralism
William James functionalism
Sigmund Freud psycholanalysis
John B Watsom behaviorism
B.F. Skinner todays representative; revised behavioralism; behvaior is totally determined by our surroundings, there is no such thing as free will...so we are not responsible for our actions
Albert Bandura believes that behavior is learned mostly through ovbservation and imitation; argues we learn through and by watching models or people that serve as examples of how to behave
Gestalt German, meaning form or shape; believed that it was a mistake to try to break down beh into elements, they argue the overall form, shape or patterns is frequently more important thanthe smaller parts; the whole is greater than its parts
Freud introduced us to a buried part of nature, the unconscious which allows a new way of interpreting behavior,psychoanalysis is based on the idea that human beh is influenced by feeling/wishes that are buried deep inside a person
Watson expanded our knowledge..... of how people learn and the importance of our surroundings and encouraged well designed experimental methods
Gestalt psychologis urged us to consider behavior in context rather than in isolation; see the whole picture
the three important branches of psychology today cognitive psychology, existential psychology and humanistic psychology
cognitive psychology an approach to psy that focuses on though processes and stresses that the mind does not merely react to stimuli but processes information into new forms
existential psychology an approach to psychology that stresses the role of choicein determining behavior
Humanistic psychology an approach to psy which is based on the belief that people strive to achieve their maximun potential
early development of psychology began to study behavior scientifically in 1800, Wundt 1879 founded his lab
Cavemen chipped hole in skull to rid evil spirit
ancient Egyptians Ka 1-7, inside little person responsible for behavior, 7 being scared
ancient Greeks stemmed from philosophy; Plato - believed mind and body are two distinct elements, with the mind having a life of its own, both before birth and after death;Hippocrate"father of medicine"abnormal behavior was not created by evil spirits but natural causes
Middle Ages achievements of Greek foprgotten, revived idea that beh could be explained by good and evil spirits
1600's and 1700's French Philosopher Descartes proposed that the mid and body interact, the development of phrenology was false based on unfounded theories - personality based on bumps on head.
Created by: deweykbellaire