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pharmacology chapter 11 Cardiovascular Drugs

CHF stands for congestive heart failure.
CHF (congestive heart failure) indicates a “weak pump.”
Causes of CHF (congestive heart failure) include: 1. Heredity. 2. Smoking. 3. Excess fat in the diet (obesity). 4. Sedentary lifestyle. 5. Age (35). 6. MI(s) {myocardial infarction(s)}. 7. Valvular disease.
As the heart weakens, the amount of blood the heart ejects lessens and the heart rate increases.
Signs of CHF include: pedal edema and pulmonary edema.
A medication designed to slow the heart rate and stimulate the myocardium to contract more forcefully is called Lanoxin, Digitek, or Lanoxicaps.
The generic name for Lanoxin, Digitek, or Lanoxicaps is digoxin ("dig").
Treatment for congestive heart failure (CHF) commonly includes digoxin.
Lanoxin, Digitek, or Lanoxicaps (digoxin) may require TDM (therapeutic drug monitoring) because of a narrow TI (therapeutic index).
Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) for digoxin is commonly called a “dig level.”
A high fiber diet can slow the absorption of digoxin.
Signs of digitalis toxicity include: bradycardia and yellow-green halos around lights.
Lanoxin, Digitek, or Lanoxicaps (digoxin) is commonly administered in combination with a diuretic called furosemide AKA Lasix.
Lasix (furosemide) causes an excessive loss of the electrolyte (salt) potassium (K).
The abbreviation for potassium is K
K is measured in mEq(milliequivalents)
Thoracodynia caused by coronary ischemia (starvation of O2-oxygen) is called angina pectoris (AP).
The coronary ischemia is caused by stenosis(narrowing)of the coronary arteries.
The stenosis is commonly caused by atherosclerosis.
Causes of atherosclerosis include: 1. Heredity. 2. Smoking. 3. Excessive fat in the diet (obesity). 4. Sedentary life style. 5. Age ( ).
Many antianginals work by causing the coronary arteries to vasodilate(increase in diameter)
Vasodilation causes hypotension (low blood pressure)
Antianginals include: 1.nitroglycerin AKA Nitrostat or Nitro-Dur 2.isosorbide (sore heart) AKA Isordil 3.atenolol AKA Tenormin 4.metoprolol AKA Lopressor or Toprol 5.nadolol AKA Corgard 6.propranolol AKA Inderal (Inderal does it all). 7. amlodipine AKA Norvasc.
The abbreviations for nitroglycerin include NTG, Ntg, or “nitro.”
Nitrostat or Nitro-Dur is AKA nitroglycerin
Antianginals include: (continued) 8. nicardipine AKA Cardene. 9. nifedipine AKA Adalat or Procardia. 10. verapamil AKA Calan. 11. diltiazem AKA Cardizem.
NTG(nitroglycerin) is routinely administered SL(sub-lingual), transdermally and IV (intravenious)
Antiarrhythmic medications are prescribed to treat cardiac dysrhythmias
Cardiac dysrhythmias are abnormalities in the conduction ( ) of electrical impulses in the heart.
Antiarrhythmics include: 1.Norpace AKA disopyramide 2.Betapace 3.procainamide AKA Pronestyl 4.Rythmol 5.propranolol AKA Inderal (Inderal does it all) 6.diltiazem AKA Cardizem 7.verapamil AKA Calan 8.clondine AKA Catapres 9.digoxin AKA Lanoxin, Digitek, Lanoxicaps
HTN stands for hypertension (high blood pressure)
digoxin AKA Lanoxin, Digitek, or Lanoxicaps
clonidine AKA Catapres
verapamil AKA Calan
diltiazem AKA Cardizem
propranolol AKA Inderal (Inderal does it all)
procainamide AKA Pronestyl
Norpace AKA disopyramide
Norpace is an Antiarrhythmic
disopyramide (Norpace) is an Antiarrhythmic
Betapace is an Antiarrhythmic
procainamide AKA Pronestyl is an Antiarrhythmic
Rythmol is an Antiarrhythmic
propranolol AKA Inderal is an Antiarrhythmic
diltiazem AKA Cardizem is an Antiarrhythmic
digoxin AKA Lanoxin, Digitek or Lanoxicaps is an Antiarrhythmic
clonidine AKA Catapres is an Antiarrhythmic
verapamil AKA Calan is an Antiarrhythmic
Hypertension (HTN) refers to chronic (re-occuring) high blood pressure
HHD stands for hypertensive heart disease
Common causes of chronic (reoccurring) hypertension (HTN) include: 1. Atherosclerosis (fatty plague) 2. Kidney disease. 3. Poor stress management. 4. Excess salt, caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol
HTN(hypertension) of unknown cause is called primary, essential, or idiopathic hypertension
Medications prescribed to lower blood pressure are called antihypertensives
Antihypertensives include: 1.Diovan 2.Cozaar 3.Benicar 4.Hyzaar AKA losartan + hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) 5.Avapro 6.metoprolol AKA Lopressor or Toprol 7.propranolol/ Inderal 8.atenolol/ Tenormin 9.nadolol/Corgard 10.amlodipine/ Norvasc 11.nicardipine AKA Cardene
Antihypertensives include:(continued) 12. nifedipine AKA Adalat or Procardia. 13. diltiazem AKA Cardizem. 14. verapamil AKA Calan. 15. clonidine AKA Catapres 16. Minipress. 17. Capoten. 18. Lotensin. 19. Hytrin
Medications that end in -olol are called beta blockers
Beta blockers can lose effectiveness if combined with fruit juice
Hyperlipidemia means a blood condition of excessive fat
Fats that can cause diseases of the heart and blood vessels include: Cholesterol. 2. Triglycerides. 3. Trans-fatty acids
These fats (Cholesterol, Triglycerides, Trans-fatty acids) are considered saturated
Medications prescribed to lower the amount of circulating fat in the blood are called antihyperlipidemics (“statins”)
Antihyperlipidemics (“statins”) include: 1. Lipitor. 2. Crestor. 3. Pravachol 4. Zocor. 5. Lopid. 6. niacin AKA Niaspan. 7. Trilipix
The combination of Norvasc (amlodipine) and Lipitor is called Caduet
Antihyperlipidemics may require periodic LFTs(liver function tests)
“Statins” can increase the risk of DM (diabetes mellitus) by 48% in women
Antihyperlipidemic toxicity can occur if combined with grapefruit juice
An omega-3 supplement for hypertriglyceridemia is called Lovaza
Created by: Patti Belfi Reed Patti Belfi Reed