Busy. Please wait.
or

Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

taken
show password

why

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.

By signing up, I agree to StudyStack's Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the email address associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know (0)
Know (0)
remaining cards (0)
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Pop and Settlement

Lecture 2 - Vocabulary for MSU ISS 315

QuestionAnswer
*Rate of Natural Increase (RNI)* annual growth rate for a country or region as a percentage increase; world RNI is 1.2% per year
Crude Birth Rate (CBR) total number of births divided by total population; world CBR is 21 per 1,000
Crude Death Rate (CDR) total number of deaths divided by the total population; world CDR 9 per 1,000
Total Fertility Rate (TFR) the average number of children born by a statistically average woman (world average is 2.7; for Europe it's 1.4; for Africa it's 5.1)
Life expectancy average length of life; world average is 67; for Africa it's 52; for Japan it's 82 § flooding is the big natural disaster that kills a lot of people
Push factors negative conditions that drive people from a location § Examples: cultural oppression, war, unemployment, natural disasters (famine, destruction like Hurricane Katrina)
Pull factors favorable conditions at a destination that attract people § Examples: economic opportunity (jobs), freedom, good climate
Urbanized population percentage of a country's people who live in cities ○ On average, 48% of world's population lives in cities ○ Developed areas more than 75% urbanized ○ Developing may be much lower than 50%
Squatter settlements illegal developments of makeshift housing
Over urbanization urban population grows faster than provision of infrastructure
*Cultural imperialism* active promotion of one's cultural system over another
Cultural nationalism the process of defending a cultural system against offensive cultural expression while at the same time actively promoting local or national values
*Hybridization or syncretism* sometimes occurs when forms of culture spread abroad then are melded with local cultural traditions
Dialect a distinctive form of a language associated with a specific region (e.g. American and British English)
*Lingua franca* a third language that is adopted by people from different cultural groups within a country who cannot speak each other's language (e.g., Swahili in Africa, English in India)
*Universalizing religion* attempts to appeal to all people regardless of location or culture (e.g. Christianity with 2 billion, Islam with 1.2 billion, Buddhism)
Ethnic religion identified closely with a specific ethnic group; does not actively seek converts (e.g. Judaism, Hinduism with 850 million in India)
Secularization exists when people consider themselves to be non-religious or outright atheistic (about 1 billion)
Geopolitics term that describes the close link between geography and political activity; Focuses on the interaction between power, territory, and space at all scales
*State* a political unit with territorial boundaries recognized by other countries and internally governed by an organizational structure (has boundaries) - United States
*Nation* a large group of people who share many cultural elements (e.g.: language, religion, cultural identity) and view themselves as a single political community (has no boundaries) ○ Kurds: through Turkey, Iran, Iraq
*Nation-state* (has boundaries and same cultural similarity) a relatively homogenous cultural group with its own fully independent political territory (e.g.: Japan, France); Kurds are a nation without a state
Centrifugal forces Cultural and political forces acting to weaken or divide an existing state (apart) ○ e.g.: linguistic minority status, ethnic separatism, territorial autonomy, disparities income and well-being
Centripetal forces Forces that promote political unity and reinforce the state structure (together) ○ e.g.: shared sense of history, need for military security, overarching economic structure
Colonialism formal establishment of rule over a foreign population
Decolonialization the process of a colony's gaining (or regaining) control over its territory and establishing a separate independent government (leave)
Gross National Income (GNI) the value of all final goods and services produced within a country plus net income from abroad ○ GNI per capita - obtained by dividing the GNI by a country's population
Morality rate under 5 years number of children who die per 1,000 persons; related to availability of food, basic healthcare
Adult literacy rates percentage of a society's males and females who can read; related to economic development, birthrates
Created by: brokenpencil