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Pharmacology 1-5

Glossary of Abbreviations / chapters 1-5

~ a before
a.c. before meals
ASA aspirin AKA AcetylSalicylic Acid
ad lib as desired (as necessary)
APAP acetaminophen (N-acetyl-P-aminophenol)
A.D. {AD} (a=auditory) right ear or Alzheimer's disease
A.S {AS} left ear
A.U. {AU} both ears
B.I.D. or b.i.d. or bid twice a day
~ c with
cap(s) capsule(s) or caplet(s)
comp. compound (mixed drugs)
CR or C-R controlled release (long acting)
D (Zyrtec D) decongestant
D/C discontinue or discharge
DR drug resistant
D.S. or DS double strength
elix elixir
h or hr hour
hour is also written as a degree sign
{h.s.} hours of sleep (bedtime)
{h.s.} is usually at 2200 hours (10:00 pm)
HTN hypertension(high blood pressure)
IB ibuprofen (motrin/advil)
IND investigational new drug
INJ or inj injection
K potassium
KCl potassium chloride
K or KCl is commonly measured in milliequivalents (mEq.)
LA or L.A. or L-A long acting
liq. liquid
MDR multidrug resistant or minimum daily requirements
MN midnight(2400 h or hr)
{MS} morphine sulfate or multiple sclerosis or magnesium sulfate
MSO4 morphine sulfate
MgSO4 magnesium sulfate
NIH National Institutes of Health
NKA no known allergies
NKDA no known drug allergies
NPO or n.p.o. nothing by mouth
NR no refills
NS or NSS normal saline solution
NS or NSS is AKA 0.9% sodium chloride(NaCl) [normal saline amount in your blood]
O.D. {OD} [O=occular] right eye or overdose
O.S. {OS} left eye
O.U. {OU} both eyes
OTC or otc over the counter
~ p after
p.c. or pc after meals
Pt {pt} patient
PCN penicillin
PCA patient controlled analgesia
PR per rectum (supp. = suppository)
PRN or p.r.n. as needed(whenever necessary)
~ q every
Q.D. or q.d.{qd} every day
q.h. or qh every hour
q.2.h. or q2h every two hours
Q.I.D. or q.i.d. (quad) four times a day
Q.O.D. or q.o.d. every other day
RDA recommended daily allowance
RFs refills
RPh registered pharmacist
~ s or w/o without
SA sustained action (SR=slow release, LA or L.A or L-A=long acting, CR or C-R=controlled released, XR=extended release)
SPF sun protection factor (recommended 30SPF)
SR slow release
ss one half or sliding scale(insulin)
stat. now
syp. syrup
supp. suppository (PR per rectum)
tab or tabs tablet(s)
TDM therapeutic drug monitoring
T.I.D. or t.i.d. three times a day
TPN total parenteral/needle nutrition
TPN is AKA hyperalimentation("hyperal")
UD unit dose
ung. or oint. ointment
WHO World Health Organization
WNL within normal limits
w/o or ~ s without
XR extended release
> greater than
< less than
a triangle change
Created by: Patti Belfi Reed Patti Belfi Reed