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BHSWG- concepts #8

BHSWG- Human Geography terms- part 2

QuestionAnswer
Materials on or in the earth—such as trees, fish, or coal—that have economic value. NATURAL RESOURCES
These resources can be replaced through natural processes. Examples include trees and seafood. RENEWABLE RESOURCES
These resources cannot be replaced once they have been removed from the ground. Examples include different precious metals and fossil fuels. NONRENEWABLE RESOURCES
These resources, which are used for producing power, are the result of solar or planetary processes and are unlimited in quantity. They include sunlight, geothermal heat, winds, and tides. INEXAUSTIBLE ENERGY SOURCES
Having no direct outlet to the sea LANDLOCKED
The study of how people use space in cities. URBAN GEOGRAPHY
The dramatic rise in the number of cities and the changes in lifestyle that result; the movement of people from rural areas to an urban setting URBANIZATION
These are areas with large populations and are often centers of business and culture, as well as the birthplace of innovation and change in a society. CITIES
The city, its suburbs, and exurbs link together economically to form a functional area. METROPOLITAN AREA
Political units touching the borders of the central city or touching other suburbs that touch the city. SUBURBS
The core of a city, which is almost always based on commercial activity CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT
A basic land use pattern that includes single-family housing and apartment buildings RESIDENTIAL
A basic land use pattern that includes areas reserved for manufacturing of goods INDUSTRIAL
A basic land use pattern that is used for private business and the buying and selling of retail products COMMERCIAL
Consists of the basic support systems needed to keep an economy going, including power, communications, transportation, water, sanitation, and education systems INFRASTRUCTURE
large groups of languages having similar roots LANGUAGE FAMILIES
many different countries that have certain traits in common CULTURE REGION
those having significant technology & manufacturing such as the United States DEVELOPED COUNTRY
those working towards greater manufacturing and technology; agriculture remains the dominant industry DEVELOPING COUNTRY
spread of industry INDUSTRIALIZATION
removal of trade barriers so that goods can freely flow between countries (ex. NAFTA, EU, WTO) FREE TRADE
gives all key powers to the national or central government; local governments have limited power (ex. UK) UNITARY SYSTEM
divides powers of government between national and state governments (ex. USA) FEDERAL SYSTEM
any system of government in which the power and authority to rule belong to a single individual; oldest and one of the most common forms AUTOCRACY
any system of government in which a small group holds power, which is derived from wealth, military power, social position, or a combination of OLIGARCHY
the release of unclean or impure elements into the air, water, or land POLLUTION
slums; makeshift communities on the edge of the city; extreme poverty SHANTYTOWN
people who flee to a foreign country for safety REFUGEE
expelling or killing of rival ethnic groups in an area ETHNIC CLEANSING
countries that have tax-supported programs for education, health care, social security (ex. Sweden or UK) WELFARE STATE
economic system in which business leaders used profits to expand their companies; under this system, new classes of people emerged like the middle class merchants & working class factory workers INDUSTRIAL CAPITALISM
small scale business that employs workers in their homes COTTAGE INDUSTRY
goods needed for everyday life CONSUMER GOODS
the change to private ownership of government owned companies & industries PRIVITIZATION
belief in the right of an ethnic group to have its own independent country; loyalty or pide in one's culture or region NATIONALISM
ban on trade EMBARGO
economic goods COMMODITIES
voting rights for all adult citizens regardless of race or gender UNIVERSAL SUFFRAGE
chain of closely linked metropolitan areas; continuous urban strip (ex. Boston to Washington DC) MEGALOPOLIS
in the city URBAN
in the country RURAL
using resources at a rate that does not deplete them for future generations SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
the spreading development of nuclear weapons NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION
having a population of the same ethnic group HOMOGENEOUS
when a country's exports exceed its imports TRADE SURPLUS
when a country imports more goods than it exports TRADE DEFICIT
mass killing of a group of people (ex. Jews in Europe or Cambodians in the 1970s) GENOCIDE
urban area that serves as country's major port, economic center, and often its capital city PRIMATE CITY
neutral territory between rival powers BUFFER STATE
Created by: BHSWG