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Ch. 3 Medical Term

Skeletal System

ankyl/o bent or crooked, curved, stiff, fixed
athr/o joint
chondr/o catilage
cost/o rib
crani/o cranium
kyph/o hump
lord/o bent backward
myel/o bone marrow, spinal cord
osse/e, oss/i, osto/o, osteo/o bone
scoli/o curved
spondyl/o vertebra, vertebrae
synovi/o synovial membrance
synov/o synovial membrane
sub- under
meta- five
-um noun ending
-lysis setting free, loosening
-desis bone or joint surgical fixation
acetabulum socket of the hipbone, into which the head of the femur fits.
allogenic having cell types that are antigenically distinct
ankylosing spondylitis refers to inflammation of the joints in the spine
arthroscopy examination of a joint, specifically, the inside structures.
autologous of cells or tissue. Obtained from the same individual: : autologous bone marrow transplants
chondroma common benign tumor of cartilage cells
chondromalacia abnormal softening or degeneration of cartilage of the joints, especially of the knee.
comminuted fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed
compression fracture fracture in which the bone collapses
costochondritis inflammation at the junction of a rib and its cartilage
craniostenosis deformity of the skull caused by craniosynostesis, with consequent cessation of skull growth
crepitation noise produced by the rubbing of fractured ends of bones, by cracking joints
dual x-ray absorptiometry technique used to measure bone mineral density (BMD)
fibrous dyspepsia is a bone disorder in which scar-like (fibrous) tissue develops in place of normal bone
hallux valgus deformity if the great toe, in which the head of the first metarsal devia.
hemarthrosis extravasation of blood into a joint or its synovial cavity
hemopotetic pertaining to the formation of blood or blood cells:"hemopoitetic stem cells in bone marrow"
internal fixation the stabilization of fractured bony parts by direct fixation to one another with surgical wires, screws, pins, or plates.
juvenile rheumatoid arthritis form of rheumatoid arthritis that affects children: large joints become inflamed and bone growth may be retard
kyphosis excessive outward curvature of the spine, causing hunching of the back
laminectomy surgical operation to remove the back of a vertebrae
lordosis excessive inward curvature of the spine
lumboago pain in the muscles and joints of the lower back.
malleollus a bony projection with a shape likened to hammer head, esp. on either side of the ankle.
manubrim bony part or process shaped like a handle. also called presternum
metacarpals any of the hand bones
metatarsal any of the bones of the feet
open fracture compounded fracture: bone fracture associated with lacerated soft tissue or an open would.
orthopedic surgeon branch of surgery that deals with the correction of injuries or disorder the skeletal system
orthotic artificial support or brace for the limbs or spine.
osteitis inflammation of substance of a bone
osteoathritis degeneration of joint cartilage and the underlying bone, most common from middle age onward.
ossteochondroma benign tumor containing both bone and cartilage; usually occurs near the end of a long bone
osteoclasis treatment of a skeletal deformity by intentionally fracturing a bone
osteomalacia softening of the bones, typically through a deficiency of vitamin D or calcium
osteomyelitis inflammation of bone or bone marrow, usually due to infection
osteonecrosis is the medical term of death of bone tissue that occurs when the supply of blood to the bone is cut off for some reason
is the condition that occur when bone density is less than normal, but not yet considered osteoporosis
osteoporosis medical condition in which the bones become brittle and fragile from loss of tissue
osteoporotic hip fracture trauma involving direct impact to the hip bone which had been weakened by osteoporosis
osterrhaphy suture or wiring a bone
Paget's disease occurring chiefly in old age, in which the bones become enlarged and weakened, often resulting in fracture or deformation
pathologic fractue a broken bone caused by disease, most commonly due a osteoporosis
percutaneous vertroplasty minimally invasive surgical procedure that strengthens spinal bones
periostitis inflammation of the membrane enveloping a bone
podiatrist chiropodist; a specialist in care for the feet
prothesis artificial device used to replace a missing body part, such as a limb, tooth, eye, or heart valve
rheumatoid arthritis chronic progressive disease causing inflammation in joints
rickets disease of children caused by vitamin D deficiency
scoliosis abnormal lateral curvature of the spine
spina bifida congenital defect of the spine in which part of the spinal cord and its meninges are exposed through a gap in the backbone
spiral fracture is a bone fracture resulting from the affected bone being twisted apart
spondylolithesis forward dislocation of one vertebra over the one beneath it producing pressure on spinal nerves
sphondylolithesis ankylosis of a vertebral joint; degenerative spinal changes due to osteoarithritis
subluxation partial dislocation
synovectomy surgical removal of a part of synovial membrane of a synovial joint
vertebrae any of the bones or cartilagious segments forming the spinal column.
Created by: kenny.lam13