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Stack #1111753

ABG Arterial blood gases; blood test that assesses the oxygen and carbon dioxide levels.
Adenoids Collection of lymphatic tissue within the nasopharynx (pharyngeal tonsils).
Alveoli Tiny air sacs within the lungs; resembling small balloons. (alveolus - singular form)
Anosmia Absence of the sense of smell.
Anoxia Absence or deficiency of oxygen in the tissues.
Antihistamine Medication which opposes the effects of histamine.
Antitussive Medication which prevents or relieves coughing.
Apnea Without breathing.
Asphyxia A condition in which there is insufficient oxygen; literally means “without pulse”.
Atelectasis Inability of the lung to expand properly.
Auscultation The process of listening to body sounds, especially in the chest, with the use of a stethoscope.
Bronchi The two branches off the trachea which lead to the right left lungs. (bronchus - singular form)
Bronchiectasis Chronic dilation of a bronchus or bronchi.
Bronchioles Smaller branches of the bronchi.
Bronchodilator Medication which relaxes the muscles of the passage providing relief of bronchospasms.
Cheyne-Stokes Breathing characterized by fluctuations in the Respirations depth of the respirations.
C & S Culture and sensitivity. A lab test that isolates the organisms for identification and then determines which antibiotic(s) will be effective against it.
CPR Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.
Compliance The ease with which lung tissue can be stretched.
COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; includes certain lung disorders characterized by decreased ability of the lungs to exchange gases adequately. (Also known as COLD).
Cystic Fibrosis A hereditary disease of the exocrine glands affecting the respiratory system, pancreas, and sweat glands.
Diaphragm A large muscle located between the chest and the abdominal wall.
Dysphonia difficulty in speaking; hoarseness.
Dyspnea Difficult breathing.
Epistaxis Nosebleed.
Eupnea Good (normal) breathing.
Expectorant Agent which facilitates the removal of sputum.
Hemoptysis Condition of spitting up blood.
Hemothorax Blood in the chest cavity.
Histamines Body substances that dilate blood vessels, causing swelling and inflammation in nasal passages.
Hypercapnia Condition of an increased amount of carbon dioxide in the blood.
Hyperpnea Increased breathing, deeper than normal.
Hypoxemia Deficient amount of oxygen in the blood.
Laryngoscopy Visual examination of the larynx.
Larynx Voice box. Responsible for sound production.
Lobular. Pertaining to a lobe
Mediastinum The space between the right and left lung, which contains the heart, aorta, esophagus, and the bronchi.
Nares Nostrils. (naris - singular form)
Nasopharynx The portion of the pharynx above the soft palate and behind the nose.
Orthopnea Respiratory condition of discomfort breathing in any but an erect or standing position.
PA (& L) Posteroanterior refers to the direction of x-ray beams that travel through the body from back to front. (L refers to the lateral direction.)
Palatine tonsils Collection of lymphatic tissue within the oropharynx
Parietal pleura The outermost layer, lining the thoracic cavity.
Percussion The process of gently tapping with the fingers to determine position, size, or consistency of an underlying structure.
Pharyngoscope Instrument used to view the throat.
46. Pleura Serous membrane which envelops the lungs and folds over to line the walls of the thoracic cavity.
47. Pleural effusion Excess of fluid in the pleural cavity.
48. Pleurisy / pleuritis Inflammation of the pleural membrane,
characterized by a stabbing pain which is
intensified by coughing or deep breathing.
49. Pneumoconiosis Abnormal condition of dust in the lungs.
50. Pneumonia / pneumonitis An inflammatory disease of the lungs caused by
bacteria, viruses, disease, chemicals, etc.
51. Pneumothorax Collection of air in the pleural cavity.
52. Postural drainage Positioning a patient so that gravity aids in the
drainage of secretions from the bronchi and lobes
of the lung.
53. Pulmonary Pertaining to the lungs.
54. Pulmonary edema Excessive fluid in the lungs which induces cough
and dyspnea.
55. Pulmonary function A series of tests designed to evaluate the volume
and air flow rate of the lungs.
56. Rale Crackle. An abnormal respiratory sound heard on
57. Respiratory Distress Condition frequently seen in premature infants
Syndrome caused by a lack of a lung substance, called surfactant.
58. Respiratory System Consists of organs that are responsible for the
breathing process. It exchanges oxygen and
carbon dioxide at a cellular level.
59. Rhinoplasty Surgical repair of the nose.
60. Sinusitis Inflammation of a sinus.
61. SOB Shortness of breath.
62. Sputum An abnormal viscous fluid formed in the lower
respiratory tract that often contains blood, pus, and
63. Stenosis Narrowing or constriction.
64. Stethoscope An instrument used in auscultation.
65. T & A Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy.
66. Tachypnea Rapid breathing.
67. Thoracic Pertaining to the chest area.
68. Tonsillotome An instrument used to cut the tonsils.
69. TPR Temperature, pulse, respiration.
70. Trachea Windpipe. Cartilaginous tube which extends from
the larynx to the bronchial tubes.
71. Tracheostomy Creation of an opening in the trachea to relieve a breathing obstruction.
72. Tuberculosis An infectious disease caused by inhaling viable
tubercle bacilli.
73. Visceral pleura The innermost layer lying next to the lung.
Created by: Kellygour