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GS Mod 13

Apologia Exploring Creation with General Science Module 13

Digestion The process by which and organism breaks down its food into small units that can be absorbed by the body
Digestive System The body system that changes food into fuel for the body
Mouth Food enters
Teeth Food is crushed, cut and ground into little pieces
Tongue Moves food around in the mouth. Provides most of the taste sensation.
Pharynx The nest place the food travels after the mouth.
Esophagus Food passes through here after the pharynx
Stomach The food is churned and mixed with juices. The stomach temporarily stores the food.
Small Intestine The food is broken down chemically and most of the micronutrients and macronutrients are absorbed by the bloodstream through the lining of the small intestine.
Liver Picks up many nutrients from the nutrient-filled blood. It is also one of the largest organs. It cleans the blood of toxins and wastes and produces bile.
Bile Necessary for the digestion of fats
Gall Bladder Stores bile and injects it into the small intestine to help with the digestion of fats.
Pancreas Produces other digestive juices, which are also injected into the small intestine
Large Intestine Water is absorbed from the waste and the waste is turned into feces.
Rectum Waste passes through this area between the large intestine and anus.
Anus The opening through which waste is expelled
Epiglottis Covers the larynx when you swallow to make sure food only goes down the esophagus
Vitamin A chemical substance the body needs in small amounts to stay healthy
Fat-Soluble vitamins A, D, E and K
Water-Soluble vitamins C and B group
Created by: barbara.macri