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Chapter 15 BB

French for "rebirth" Renaissance
Subjects came to be known as humanities, and the movement they inspired is known as ___. Humanism
Italian Diplomat. Wrote a book called The Courtier. Baldassare Castiglione
Wrote another influential book at the same time Castiglione was finishing The Courtier. Niccolo Machiavelli
Well-educated poet, supported some of the most talented artists of the day. Lorenzo de Medici
Highly talented painter Leonardo da Vinci
Famous because of his Pieta sculpture. Michelangelo Buonarroti
A renowned painter and an accomplished architect. Raphael
Cast the letters of the alphabet onto metal plates and locked those plates into a wooden press. Johannes Gutenberg
Leading christian humanist. Desiderius Erasmus
Important fellow humanist and English statesmen. Sir Thomas More
In an age of great writers, many scholars believed he was the greatest English playwright. William Shakespeare
Wrote important works focusing on the role women played in society. Christian de Pisan
German artist. On his return to Germany, he used the Italian techniques of realism and perspective in his own works. Albrecht Durer
A technique of oil painting that had been perfected in the 1400s by a Flemish painter. Jan van Eyck
By the early 1500s, the concerns crystallized into a reform movement that eventually came to be called ___. Protestant Reformation
Pardons issued by the pope that people could buy to reduce a soul's time in purgatory. Indulgences
1517. He made his public complaints about the church. Martin Luther
A government in which church and state are joined and in which church and stated are joined and which officials are considered to be divinely inspired. Theocracy
The most important Protestant reformer. John Calvin
Holds that God knows who will be saved, even before people are born, and therefore guides the lives of those destined for salvation. Predestination
Became king of England in 1509 at the age of 17. Henry V111
Declared invalid based on church laws, so that he could marry again. Annulled
Protestant at heart. Elizabeth 1
The church began a series of reforms. Counter-Reformation
Influential of these groups was the Society of Jesus, or ___. Jesuits
A Basque nobleman and former solider. Ignatius of Loyola
Pope Paul 111 convinced ___ in 1545. Council of Trent
The archbishop of Milan from 1560 to 1584. Charles Borromeo
Worked to regain the district of Savoy, which had largely turned to Calvinism. Francis of Sales
The most famous female spiritual leader. Teresa of Avila
Created by: Briannabush