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Milady Standard 8

QuestionAnswer
Albinism Congenital Hypopigmentation, or absence of Melanin pigment from the body.
Allergic Contact Dermatitis Allergy to an ingredient or a chemical.
Anaerobic Cannot survive in oxygen.
Anhidrosis Deficiency in persperation, often a result of fever of certain skin diseases.
Basal Cell Carcinoma Most common but least severe type of skin cancer, often characterized by light or pearly nodes.
Bromhidrosis Foul smelling pwespiration, caused by bacteria. Ex: Armpit and feet.
Bulla Large blister containing a watery fluid.
Chloasma Liver Spots, Hyperpigmentation on skin, areas that are not elevated.
Closed Comedo Whitehead, hair follicle is closed and not exposed to the environment; sebum remains a white or cream color and comedone appears as a small bump just under the skin.
Conjunctivitis Pink Eye; Extremely contagious, common bacterial.
Contact Dermatitis Inflammation of the skin caused by having contact with certain chemicals or substances.
Crust Dead cells that form over a wound or blemish while it is healing, accumulation of sebum and pus, sometimes mixed with epidermal material.
Cyst Abnormally developed sac that contains fluid, pus, semifluid or morbid matter.
Dermatitis Inflammatory condition of the skin.
Dyschromias Abnormal coloration of the skin that accompany many skin disorders and systemic disorders.
Eczema An inflammatory, uncomfortable and often chronic diseas of the skin. Characterized by inflammation, scaling and sometimes severe itching.
Excoriation Skin sore or abrasion producedby scratching or scraping.
Extrinsic Factors Primary environmental factors that contribute to aging and the appearance of aging.
Fissure crack in the skin that penetrates the dermis.
Free Radicals Unstable molecules that cause biochemical aging especially wrinkling and sagging of the skin.
Herpes Simplex Recurring ciral infection that often presents as a fever blister or cold sore.
Hyperhydrosis Excessive sweating, caused by heat or general body weekness.
Hyperpigmentation Darker pigmentation, skin appearing in dark splotches
Hypertrophy Abnormal growth of Skin.
Hypopigmentation Asbsense of pigmentation, resulting in light or white splotches.
Impetigo Contagious bacterial skin infection characterized by weeping lesions.
Irritant Contact Dermatitus Irritating substances temporarily damage the epidermis.
Keloid Thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fiberous tissue.
Keratoma Accuired, superficial thickening of the epidermis. Ex Callus.
Lentigines Technical term for frecckles.
Lesion Mark on the skin; may indicate an injury or damage that changes the structure of tissues or organs.
Leukoderma skin disorder characterized by light abnormal patches (hyper pigmentation); caused by a burn or congenital disease that destroys the pigment- producing cells.
Macule(plural: maculae) flat spot or discoloration on the skin, such as a freckle or a red spot left after a pimple has healed.
Malignant melanoma most serious form of skin cancer; often characterized by clack or dark brown patches on the skin that may appear uneven in texture, jagged, or raised.
Milia benign, keratin-filled cysts that can appear just under the epidermis and has no visible opening.
Milaria rubea also known as prickly heat; an acute inflammatory disorder of the sweat glands, characterized by the eruption of small red vesicles and accompanied by burning, itching skin.
Mole small, brownish spot or blemish on the skin, ranging in color from pale tan to brown or bluish black.
Nevus also known as birthmark; small or large malformation of the skin due to abnormal pigmentation or dilated capillaries.
Nodule a solid bump larger than .4 inches (1 centimeter) that can be easily felt.
Noncomedogenic product that has been designed and proven not to clog the follicles.
Primary lesions lesions that are different color than the color of the skin, and/or lesions that are raised above the surface of the skin.
Psoriasis skin disease characterized by red patches covered with silver- white scales; usually found on the scalp, elbows, knees, chest, and lower back.
Retention hyperkeratosis the hereditary tendency for acne-prone skin to retain dead cells in the follicle, forming an obstruction that clogs follicles and exacerbates inflammatory acne lesions such as papules and pustules.
Rosacea chronic condition that appears primarily on the cheeks and nose, and is characterized by flushing (redness), telangiectasis (distended or dilated surface blood vessels), and, in some cases,the formationof papules and pustules.
Scale any thin dry or oily plate of epidermal flakes. An example is abnormal or excessive dandruff.
Scar also known as cicatrix; a lightly raised mark on the skinformed after an injury or lesion of the skin has formed.
Sebaceous cyst a large protruding pocket-like lesion filled with sebum. Sebaceous cysts are frequently seen on the scalp and the back. They should be removed surgically by a dermatologist.
Seborrheic dermatitis skin condition caused by an inflammation of the sebaceous glands. It is often characterized by redness, dry or oily scaling, crusting, and/or itchiness.
Secondary skin lesions characterized by piles of material on the skin surface, such as a crust or scab, or depressions in the skin surface, such as an ulcer.
Sensitization Allergic reation created by repeated exposure to a chemical or a substance.
Skin Tag A small brown-colored or flesh-colored outgrowth of the skin.
squamous cell carcinoma type of skin cancer more serious than basal cell carcinoma; often characterized by scaly red papules or nodules
stain abnormal brown-colored or wine-colored skin discoloration with a circular and/or irregular shape
tan change in pigmentation of the skin caused by exposure to the sun or ultraviolet light
telangiectasis distended or dilated surface blood vessles
tubercle abnormal, rounded, solid lump above, within, or under the skin; larger than a papule.
Tumor an abnormal mass varying in size, shape, and color
ulcer open lesion on the skin or mucous membrane of the body, accompanied by pus and loss of skin depth and possibly weeping fluids or pus
verruca also known as wart; hypertrophy of the papillae and epidermis
vesicle small blister or sac containing clear fluid, lying within or just beneath the epidermis
vitiligo hereditary condition that causes hypopigmentated spots and splotches on the skin; may be related to thyroid conditions
wheal itchy swollen lesion that lasts only a few hours; caused by a blow or scratch, the bite of an insect, urticaria, or the sting of a nettle.(hives and mosquito bites are examples)
Created by: eryan21



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