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WU SOC 101 Chap 8

WU SOC 101 Chap 8 Furbush

What three elements separate people by social class? Property, Power, Prestige
What is social class? Large group of people ranked bu their property, power, & prestige
Property Includes buildings, land, animals, machinary, cars, stocks, bonds, businesses, jewelry, bank accounts
Wealth Determined by adding up the value of someone's property and subtracting their debts
Income Flow of money
Distribution of Property in the US Most wealth--75% of it--is owned by 10% of the nation's families; 1% of Americans own 1/3 of the nation's wealth
Distribution of income in the US The top 20% of the population recieves over 1/2 of all the income in the US; the bottom 20% recieve 3.4% of the nation's income
What is the Average US family income? $60,000
How much do the US CEOs make? Median range of $9,300,000 a year
What is power? The ability to get your way despite resistance
What is the Democractic Facade? The idea that Americans do have power through their elected officials
According to C. Wright Mills, who makes big decisions in the US? The Power elite
What is occupational prestige? respect or regard for people based on their occupations
What are 4 features of occupational prestige? Pay more; require more education; involve more abtract thought; offer greater independance & self-direction
Examples of Prestige display Military salutes President enters room last People stand when judge enters a room
Status Symbols Displays of prestige--expensive jewelry, designer clothing, big yachts, ivy league colleges
Status Inconsistency When people have a mixture of high & low ranks eg college professors--high prestige but lower pay
Status Person's place in a social group
Weber's Updated Social Classes Capitalist Class, Upper Middle Class, Lower Middle Class, Working Class, Working Poor, Underclass
How did George W. Bush's social class impact his life? Private schools, Ivy League College, Political connections, Texas Governor, US President
How does social class impact people's lives? The higher the class--the better physical & mental health, better/stable family life, more access to education, influences what religion you are, influences your political beliefs, and your punishment in the CJ system.
Social Mobility The opportunity to move up or down in social classes
The working poor and underclass make up __________________ of the US population. 1/5 or 60 million people
Poverty Line measure set by US government to measure who is poor, set at if its takes 1/3 of your income for food; can be inaccurate b/c it doesn't take into account factors like cost of living in different regions& also poor people only spend 20% of income on food
What region of the country has more poor people? South (look at map on page 231)
What are some predictors of poverty? Race-Ethnity--minorities more likely to be poorer; Education--the more education the less likely to be poor, families headed by women(single parent)
How many children live in poverty in the US? 21 million--1 out of 7 Asian Americans, 1 out 6 for whites, and 1 out of 3 for Latino & African Americans
What is the biggest reason children are in poverty? Large number of births to women who are not married--about 1.7 million a year; 8 out of 20 children born to single mother
What is the culture of poverty? Why don't sociologist like this explanation? Assumption that poverty is a result of the values & behaviors of the poor; some sociologist feel this idea blames the poor for their circumstances
What are poverty triggers? Events that result in short term poverty like divorce, loss of job, birth of child
Theories: Why are people poor? Social Stucture: features of society deny some people access to education & job skills Characteristics of Individuals--laziness, lack of intelligence Poverty Triggers like l9oss of job, divorce
How does the Horatio Alger myth affect poverty in the US? People believe in the idea that opportunities are limitless in US makes people look to themselves & not others for their success & encouages reaching for the stars. Others say it keeps perpetuates the circumstances of social class
How does your social class impact your life and the way you see the world?
Created by: sfurbush