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Ch. 6 study guide

Mrs. Dulaks ch. 6 study guide on religion

WordDefinition
Know the world’s largest universal and ethnic religions, respectively Christianity, Islam, Juddaism, Buddhism, Hinduism,
Know how Christianity diffused (which type of diffusion) relocation and expansion
Know the different branches of Christianity Roman Catholisism,Prodistant, E. Orthodox
Know about the Catholic/Protestant split in Ireland Martin Luther wanted to change the catholic church. He presented 95 thesis to the leaders. They excommunicated him. He decided to create the Prodestant church.
Know where Catholics are clustered in the US southwestern and northeastern U.S.
Know about religion and Quebec French settlement from the 17th century as well as immigration, has produced a predominantly Roman Catholic Quebec.
Know where in the world Muslims are clustered Middle East from North Africa to Central Asia.
Know the dominant branch of Islam overall Sunnis (83%)
Know the dominant branch of Islam in Iran Shiites (90%)
Know about Islam Broken up into 2 major branches, Shiites and Sunnis. In US because of "Black Muslims", led for a long time by Elijah Muhammad.
Know the name of the sacred/holy books of the major world religions Bible, Quran, Torah
Know the different types of Buddhism Mahayana, Theravada and Tantrayana
Know about the ethnic Asian religions Confucianism, Daoism, Shintoism, Hinduism, Buddism.
Know monotheism/polytheism monotheism-one God Polytheism-several Gods
Know which religions trace their origin to Abraham Islam, Juddaism and Christianity
Know about Jews Have been dispersed around the world for the most part, and in many cases, through forced migration
Know what the concept of “ghetto” originally came from (it might surprise you!) Originated during the 16th century in Venice, Italy, as a reference to the city's foundry or metal-casting district, where Jews were forced to live. Frequently surrounded by walls, gates locked at night to prevent escape
Know the characteristics of a hierarchical religion Defined Geographical structure, organizes territory into local administrative units.
Know the different types of architecture names for holy sites Mosques, Temples, Pagodas
Know about what major religions do with their dead Chrisians, Muslims and Jews bury them in Cemetery's. Hindus cremate, Disposal at sea.
Recall the reading about Jerusalem and Mecca from class, and the UN resolution (blank)
Know about he Taliban Afghans welcomed them in 1996 when gained power. Imposed strict laws inspired by Islamic values. Believed had been called by Allah to purge Afghanistan of sin and violence. banned "Western, non-Islamic"leisure activities.
Know about how communism affected religion in the Russia Wanted organized religion destroyed. Soviet Government in 1918 elimintaed church-state connection. All church buildings used only with local gov. permission. religion dwindled in daily life. religious revival in E. Europe in late 20 century at end of rule
Animism Belief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life.
Autonomous religion A religion that does not have a central authority but shares ideas and cooperates informally.
Branch A large and fundamental division within a religion.
Caste The class or distinct hereditary order into which a Hindu is assigned according to religious law.
Cosmogony A set of religious belirfs concerning the orgin of the universe.
Denomination A division of a branch that unites a number of local congregations in a single legal and administrative body.
Diocese The basic unit of geographic organization in the Roman Catholic Church.
Ethinic religion A religion with a relatively concentrated spatial distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated.
Fundamentalism Literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion (or a religious branchdenominatio,or sect).
Ghetto During the Middle Ages, a neighborhood in a city set up by law to be inhabited only by Jews; now used to denote a section of a city in which members of any minority group live because of social, legal, or economic pressure.
Hierarchical religion A religion in which a central authority exercises a high degree of control.
Missionary An individual who helps to diffuse a universalizing religion.
Monotheism The doctrine or belief of the existence of only one god.
Pagan A follower of a polytheistic religion in ancielt times.
Pilgrimage A journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes.
Polytheism Belief in or worship of more than one god.
Sect A relatively small group that has broken away from an established denomination.
Solstice Time when the Sun is farthest from the equator.
Universalizing religion A religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those living in a particular location.
Created by: nanna on 2007-12-03



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