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Arthoplasty Joint replacement
Closed fracture Refers to a fracture that has not broken through the skin.
Colles’ fracture Fracture resulting in dorsal displacement, dorsal comminuting, and radius shortening; often referred to as a dinner fork deformity given its resemblance to an upside down fork.
Comminuted fracture A fracture in which a bone in broken, splintered, or crushed into a number of pieces.
Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPD) Also referred to as reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD) is a chronic pain condition in which high levels of nerve impulses are sent to an affected site.
Compound fracture Also referred to as an open fracture as the fractured bone breaks through the skin surface and are more prone to infection.
Delayed union A delayed union is when the bone takes more time to heal than is expected; it heals slowly. It may be suspected when pain and tenderness persist at the fracture site 3 months to 1 year after the injury.
Distal radius fracture Common fracture of the radius. Due to its proximity to the wrist joint, often referred to as a wrist fracture.
Ecchymosis Skin discoloration caused by escape of blood into the tissues from ruptured blood vessels.
Greenstick fracture often seen in children whose bones are still soft and growing, Rather than snapping into two, the bone breaks on one side and bends on the other. It is similar to how a young twig or tree limb breaks, thus the name greenstick fracture.
Heteroptopic ossification The formation of bone in soft tissue and periarticular locations. Early clinical signs include warmth, swelling, pain, and decreased joint motion. Common joints for heterotopic ossification are the shoulder, elbow, hip, and knee.
Malunion Refers to nonunion of a fractured bone.
Nonunion refer to a fracture in which the bone is not healing. A nonunion fracture may be caused by several factors such as vascular and tissue damage, poor alignment, stress to the fracture site, and infection.
Open fracture A fracture in which the bone breaks through the skin surface; also referred to as a compound fracture.
Open reduction internal fixation A surgical procedure which involves the opening of & reducing the fracture site. Internal fixation is commonly done after an open reduction to secure the fracture. Internal fixation involves securing the fracture site with pins, rods, plates, and screws.
Osteoarthritis Also referred to as degenerative joint disease, is noninflammatory joint disease that results in deterioration of articular cartilage and the formation of new bone or osteophytes on the joint surface.
Osteopenia Low bone mass; reversible weakening of the one that may be diagnosed through a bone density scan just as osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis Disease characterized by low bone density and deterioration of bone. It is common postmenopausal women due to the cessation estrogen production.
Pathologic fracture A weakening of bone that may result in it being unable to sustain normal forces experienced during daily activities. Thus, the bone may fracture while the person simply bends over or gets out of bed.
Remodeling The final stage of bone healing in which the bone is ideally reshaped to its original form to enable it to resume its intended function as best as possible.
Smith’s fracture Opposite of Colles’ fracture in that the displacement from the break is positioned toward the volar or palmar aspect of the wrist rather than the dorsal aspect.
Volksmann’s deformity An orthopedic deformity that results from severe damage to tissues and muscles caused by increased pressure in the forearm compartment.
Created by: Cindy Lou Who