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Notes on Cell Structures

Nucleus The function of the is to direct all of the activities of the cell. (It is located in the center of the cell and has Chromosomes in it.)
Ribosome The function of the is to make proteins. (It is found on ER or floating in the Cytoplasm.)
Lysosome The function of the is to digest waste and worn out cell parts. (The digested bits are used to make new things in the cell. They are recyclers.)
Cell Wall (It is just outside of the Cell Membrane.) It's function is to protect and support the cell.
Cytoskeleton The cytoplasm contains it, solid and hollow tubes that helps cells keep their shape, change their shape, and in some cases move.
Cell Membrane One function of the is to keep the cell and it's environment separate. (It is the boundary layer between a cell and it's environment.) Another function of it is to allow somethings in or out of the cell.
Cytoplasm (It is a Gel-like liquid.) The function of it is to suspend structures (hold them up) AND/OR move structures and material throughout the cell by streaming.
Mitochondrion The function of it is to break down "cell food" to release energy for use in the cells. (It's nickname is the "power house" of the cell.)
Endoplasmic Reticulum The function of it is to be a path to help move things from the nucleus to the edges of the cell. It is like a highway in the cells (through the Cytoplasm) or like a conveyor belt.
Golgi Bodies The function of it is to package proteins (and other things cells make) and begin the process of moving proteins (and other things cells make) out of the cell.
Vacuole The function of it is to store things in the cell. (They are like sacs that different stuff is packaged into. They are made by the Golgi Bodies.)
Chloroplast The function of it is to change light energy into a chemical energy, in the form of sugar or starch. They always have a color and most of them are green.
Created by: ansleyschwing