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Chapter 9&10 vocab

the ability to do work energy
the energy of an object that is due to the objects motion kinetic energy
the energy that an object has because of the position, shape, and condition of the object potential energy
the amount of work an object can do because of the object's kinetic and potential changes mechanical energy
a change from one form of energy to another energy conversion
a force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in contact friction
the law that states that energy cannot be created or destroyed but can be changed from one form to another law of conservation of energy
a resource that forms at a rate that is much slower than the rate at which the resource is consumed nonrenewable resource
a nonrenewable energy resource formed from the remains of organisms that lived long ago fossil fuel
a natural resource that can be replaced at the same rate at which the resource is used renewable resource
a measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in an object temperature
an increase in the size of a substance in response to an increase in the temperature of the substance thermal expansion
the temperature at which molecular energy is at minimum absolute zero
the energy transferred between objects that are at different temperatures heat
the kinetic energy of a substance's atoms thermal energy
the transfer of energy as heat through a material thermal conduction
a material through which energy can be transferred as heat thermal conductor
a material that reduces or prevents the transfer of heat thermal insulator
the movement of matter due to the differences in density; the transfer of energy due to the movement of matter convection
the transfer of energy as electromagentic waves radiation
the quantity of heat required to raise a unit mass of homogeneous material 1K or 1 degree C in a specified way given constant pressure and volume specific heat
the physical forms of matter , which include solid, liquid, and gas states of matter
the change of a substance from one physical form to another change of state
a substance that reduces the transfer of electricity, heat, or sound insulation
a machine that transforms heat into mechanical energy, or work heat engine
a temperature increase in a body of water that is caused by human activity and that has a harmful effect on water quality and on the abliity of that body of water to support life thermal pollution
Created by: kfran0112