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Chapter 1 &6 AP TEST

Study Guide

The principle technique used to isolate & study the stuctural components or parts of the human body. Dissection
study of disease Pathology
The Greek word for "disease" Pathos
A living thing organism
chemical levels of organization atoms and molecules
smallest living unit cells
more complex then cells tissues
group of several different kinds of tissues organs
the most complex units that make up the body systems
teh body is in an erect or standing posture with the arms at the sides and the palms forward anatomical position
terms used to discribe the postition of the body when its not in the anatomical postion supine and prone
upper superior
lower inferior
front anterior
back posterior
towrd the midline medial
toward the side of the body or away from its midline lateral
toward or nearer the trunk of the body or nearest the point proximal
away from or furthest from the trunk or the point of organ of a body. distal
nearer the surface superficial
further away fro the body surfaces deep
lengthwise planes runs front to back divides body in right and left sides front
horizonal plains divides the body and its part to upper and lower quadrant transverse
need for survival homeostasis
body becomes chilled tep sensors feen info to control center for brain that compares actual temp to normal body temp feedback loop
upper part of cavities it thoracic cavity ventral
cranal cavity contains brain dorsal
contains spine spinal cavity
what are the sheet like structures? membranes
what are the two types of membranes? epithelial, connective tissue
3 types of epithelial membranes contanous, serous, mucus
what is the primary organ of the intergumentary system? skin
what is other name for skin? contanous
what are 3 layers of skin? dermis, epidermis, subcutanous
what are two important layers in dermis? stratum germinativum, statum corneum
what are characteristics of germintatvum? mitosis, produces melinin.
what does melinin do? contains the skin pigment
stratum corneum contains karitin which helps dead cells fake off
characteristics of dermis middle layer, thickist, birthmarks storke bites and finger prints form there, contains the junction to hold together with epidermis
deepest layer? subcutaneous
subcutaneous characteristics connective tissue,fat, and energy in food
2 types of serous membranes? parital, visceral
what does parietal do? enclose line cavities
what does viceral do? covers cavities, has pleura and paritoneum which is abdominal
mucus membrane lines body, surface that open to the exterior
connective tissue membrane synovial (lines between bones and joints on moving bone)produces synovial fluid for cushioning
four appendages hair nails receptors skin glands
hair of newborn is called? lanugo
hair grows in what layer of skin? dermal and epidermal
hair growth begins in ? papilla
papilla found in? base of follicles
what do receptors do? temp, prssure, pain, touch
what are 2 types of skin glands? sebaccous and sweat(sweat is most numerous)
2 types of sweat glands apocrine and eccrine
appocrine found in armpits and dark pigment areas of genetals
what are sebaceous glands? tey secrete oil for hair and skin and produce sebum
over production in sebum acne
describe how skin controls body temp skin sweats
pilometer reflex causes? goosebumps
how many does the rule of nine have? 11
what is tenea? jockitch, athletes feet, ringworm
what causes warts? HPV
how are warts removed? drying or freezing
boils are also called? furuncles
skin itch is cause by? scabies which is highly contagous
bedsores caused by? decubitus ulcers
scleroderma is ? autoimmune disease, skin hardening
4 types of skin cancer squamous cell, basal cell carcinoma, kaposi sarcoma, malignant melanoma
what is the greek word for cutting up? anatomy
study of an organism and there parts physiology
what is the scientific study of disease? Pathology
what are the five levels of and organism? chemical, cells, tissues, organs
Created by: hannahpippel