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UMRx MedChem

MedChem final exam drug cards

Drug NameChem. ClassPharm. ClassMOA
Acetylcholine Choline Ester Direct-acting Cholinomimetic Muscarinic Receptor Agonist
Methacholine Choline Ester Direct-acting Cholinomimetic Muscarinic Receptor Agonist
Carbachol Carbamate Direct-acting Cholinomimetic Muscarinic Receptor Agonist
Bethanechol Carbamate Direct-acting Cholinomimetic Muscarinic Receptor Agonist
Pilocarpine Pilocarpus alkaloid Direct-acting Cholinomimetic Muscarinic Receptor Agonist
Cevimeline Misc. Direct-acting Cholinomimetic Muscarinic Receptor Agonist
Physotigmine Alkaloid Rev. AChase inhibitor Carbamylates AChase
Neostigmine Carbamate Rev. AChase inhibitor Carbamylates AChase
Pyridostigmine Carbamate Rev. AChase inhibitor Carbamylates AChase
Isoflurophate Phosphate ester Irrev. AChase inhibitor Phosphorylates AChase
Echothiophate Phosphate ester Irrev. AChase inhibitor Phosphorylates AChase
Malathion Phosphate ester Irrev. AChase inhibitor Phosphorylates AChase
Parathion Phosphate ester Irrev. AChase inhibitor Phosphorylates AChase
Pralidoxime (2-PAM) Oxime Phosphorylated AChase reactivator Cleaves phophorylated AChase
Tacrine acridine rev. AChase inhibitor n/a
Donepezil Misc. rev. AChase inhibitor n/a
Rivastigmine Carbamate rev. AChase inhibitor Carbamylates AChase
Galantamine Alkaloid rev. AChase inhibitor n/a
Memantine adamtintane EAA antagonist NMDA EAA rec. antagonist
Atropine aminoalcohol ester muscarinic blocker comp. muscarinic antagonist
Hyoscamine aminoalcohol ester muscarinic blocker comp. muscarinic antagonist
Scopolamine aminoalcohol ester muscarinic blocker comp. muscarinic antagonist
Dicyclomine aminoalcohol ester muscarinic blocker comp. muscarinic antagonist
Methscopolamine 4 aminoalcohol ester muscarinic blocker comp. muscarinic antagonist
Clidinium 4 aminoalcohol ester muscarinic blocker comp. muscarinic antagonist
Propantheline 4 aminoalcohol ester muscarinic blocker comp. muscarinic antagonist
Ipratropium 4 aminoalcohol ester muscarinic blocker comp. muscarinic antagonist
Benztropine aminoalcohol ether muscarinic blocker comp. muscarinic antagonist
Procyclidine aminoalcohol muscarinic blocker comp. muscarinic antagonist
Tridihexethyl 4 aminoalcohol muscarinic blocker comp. muscarinic antagonist
Isopropamide 4 amino amide muscarinic blocker comp. muscarinic antagonist
Tolterodine diphenylpropanamine muscarinic blocker comp. muscarinic antagonist
Papaverine isoquinoline alkaloid musculotropic inhibits phophodiesterase (decrease muscle cell action)
Ethaverine isoquinoline alkaloid musculotropic inhibits phophodiesterase (decrease muscle cell action)
Succinylcholine bis-onium salt depolarizing NM blocker non-comp nicotinic II antagonist (lytic)
Decamethonium bis-onium salt depolarizing NM blocker non-comp nicotinic II antagonist (lytic)
Tubocurarine Isoquinoline alkaloid non-depolarizing NM blocker comp nicotinic II antagonist (lytic)
Metocurarine Isoquinoline alkaloid non-depolarizing NM blocker comp nicotinic II antagonist (lytic)
Pancuronium bis-onium salt non-depolarizing NM blocker comp nicotinic II antagonist (lytic)
Pipecuronium bis-onium salt non-depolarizing NM blocker comp nicotinic II antagonist (lytic)
Atracuronium bis-onium salt non-depolarizing NM blocker comp. nicotinic II antagonist
Cisatracuronium bis-onium salt non-depolarizing NM blocker comp. nicotinic II antagonist
Doxacuronium bis-onium salt non-depolarizing NM blocker comp. nicotinic II antagonist
Mivacurium bis-onium salt non-depolarizing NM blocker comp. nicotinic II antagonist
Rapacuronium bis-onium salt non-depolarizing NM blocker comp. nicotinic II antagonist
Rocuronium bis-onium salt non-depolarizing NM blocker comp. nicotinic II antagonist
Vercuronium bis-onium salt non-depolarizing NM blocker comp. nicotinic II antagonist
Mecamylamine bicyclic amine non-depolarizing ganglionic blocker non-comp nicotinic I antagonist
Epinephrine B-phenethylamine direct sympathomimetic adrenergic receptor agonist
Levarterenol B-phenethylamine direct sympathomimetic adrenergic receptor agonist
Isoproterenol B-phenethylamine direct sympathomimetic adrenergic receptor agonist
Dipiverfrin B-phenethylamine direct sympathomimetic Prodrug of epinephrine
Bitolterol B-phenethylamine direct sympathomimetic Prodrug of colterol
Ephedrine B-phenethylamine Mixed sympathomimetic adrenergic rececptor agonism & NT release
Pseudoephedrine B-phenethylamine Indirect sympathomimetic Adrenergic NT release
Phenylephrine B-phenethylamine direct sympathomimetic a-receptor agonism
Phenylpropanolamine B-phenethylamine mixed sympathomimetic adrenergic rececptor agonism & NT release
Terbutaline B-phenethylamine direct sympathomimetic B2-selective adrenergic receptor agonism
Albuterol B-phenethylamine direct sympathomimetic B2-selective adrenergic receptor agonism
Pirbuterol B-phenethylamine direct sympathomimetic B2-selective adrenergic receptor agonism
Salmeterol B-phenethylamine direct sympathomimetic B2-selective adrenergic receptor agonism
Formoterol B-phenethylamine direct sympathomimetic B2-selective adrenergic receptor agonism
Propylhexadrine B-phenethylamine indirect sympathomimetic adrenergic NT release
Midodrine B-phenethylamine direct sympathomimetic a1-adrenergic agonist
Oxymetazoline imidazoline partial sympathomimetic partial adrenergic receptor agonist
Tetrahydrozoline imidazoline partial sympathomimetic partical adrenergic receptor agonist
Ergotamine ergot alkaloid a-adrenolytic rev. comp. a1 antagonism
Methysergide ergot alkaloid a-adrenolytic rev. comp. a1 antagonism
Ergonovine ergot alkaloid a-adrenolytic rev. comp. a1 antagonism
Tolazoline imidazoline a-adrenolytic rev. comp a1 & a2 antagonism
Phentolamine imidazoline a-adrenolytic rev. comp a1 & a2 antagonism
Phenoxybenzamine B-haloethylamine a-adrenolytic irrev. comp. a1 & a2 antagonism
Prazosin quinazoline a-adrenolytic a1 antagonism
Terazosin quinazoline a-adrenolytic a1 antagonism
Doxazosin quinazoline a-adrenolytic a1 antagonism
Tamsulosin phenethylamine a-adrenolytic a1A antagonism
Clonidine imidazoline der. central-acting adrenolytic central a2 agonist
Dexmedetomidine imidazoline der. central-acting adrenolytic central a2 agonist
Tizanidine imidazoline der. central-acting adrenolytic central a2 agonist
Apraclonidine imidazoline der. peripheral adrenolytic peripheral a2 agonist
Brominidine imidazoline der. peripheral adrenolytic peripheral a2 agonist
Guanfacine guanidine der. central-acting adrenolytic central a2 agonist
Guanabenz guanidine der. central-acting adrenolytic central a2 agonist
Alpha-methyldopa amino acid der. central-acting adrenolytic prodrug of a-methyl norepi
Metyrosine amino acid der. adrenergic neuron blocker inhibits epi & norepi biosynthesis
Reserpine Rauwolfia alkaloid peripheral presynaptic adrenolytic inhibits epi & norepi reuptake
Guanethidine guanidine der. peripheral presynaptic adrenolytic inhibits epi & norepi release
Guanadrel guanidine der. peripheral presynaptic adrenolytic inhibits epi & norepi release from vesicle
Propanolol aryloxypropanolamine B-adrenolytic non-sel. B blockade
Nadolol aryloxypropanolamine B-adrenolytic non-sel. B blockade
Carteolol aryloxypropanolamine B-adrenolytic non-sel. B blockade
Penbutolol aryloxypropanolamine B-adrenolytic non-sel. B blockade
Pindolol aryloxypropanolamine B-adrenolytic non-sel. B blockade
Timolol aryloxypropanolamine B-adrenolytic non-sel. B blockade
Levobunolol aryloxypropanolamine B-adrenolytic non-sel. B blockade
Metipranolol aryloxypropanolamine B-adrenolytic non-sel. B blockade
Atenolol aryloxypropanolamine B-adrenolytic sel. B1 blockade
Acebutolol aryloxypropanolamine B-adrenolytic sel. B1 blockade
Bisoprolol aryloxypropanolamine B-adrenolytic sel. B1 blockade
Betaxolol aryloxypropanolamine B-adrenolytic sel. B1 blockade
Esmolol aryloxypropanolamine B-adrenolytic sel. B1 blockade
Metoprolol aryloxypropanolamine B-adrenolytic sel. B1 blockade
Sotalol arylethanolamine B-adrenolytic non-sel. B blockade
Labetalol arylethanolamine non-sel. adrenolytic a1 & non-sel B blockade
Carvedilol aryloxypropanolamine non-sel. adrenolytic a1 & non-sel B blockade
Losartan biphenyl tetrazole ang II antagonist comp. inhibits AT1 receptor
Valsartan biphenyl tetrazole ang II antagonist comp. inhibits AT1 receptor
Irbesartan biphenyl tetrazole ang II antagonist comp. inhibits AT1 receptor
Candesartan biphenyl tetrazole ang II antagonist comp. inhibits AT1 receptor
Eposartan benzoic acid ang II antagonist comp. inhibits AT1 receptor
Telmisartan biphenyl carboxylic acid ang II antagonist comp. inhibits AT1 receptor
Captopril amino acid der. ACE inhibitor comp. inhibits ACE
Enalapril amino acid der. ACE inhibitor comp. inhibits ACE
Lisinopril amino acid der. ACE inhibitor comp. inhibits ACE
Ramipril amino acid der. ACE inhibitor comp. inhibits ACE
Fosinopril amino acid der. ACE inhibitor comp. inhibits ACE
Benazepril amino acid der. ACE inhibitor comp. inhibits ACE
Perindopril amino acid der. ACE inhibitor comp. inhibits ACE
Quinapril amino acid der. ACE inhibitor comp. inhibits ACE
Moexipril amino acid der. ACE inhibitor comp. inhibits ACE
Trandalopril amino acid der. ACE inhibitor comp. inhibits ACE
Hydralazine hydrazine vasodilator musculotropic
Minoxidil pyrimidine vasodilator activates ATP-sensitive K channels
Diazoxide benzothiadiazine vasodilator (blank)
Sodium nitroprusside inorganic vasodilator releases NO
Fenoldopam benzazepine vasodilator agonist @ dopamine D1 receptors
Finasteride azasteriod hair growth stimulate inhibits 5-a reductase
Amyl nitrate nitrite coronary vasodilator converted to NO
Nitroglycerin nitrate coronary vasodilator converted to NO
Erythritol tetranitrate nitrate coronary vasodilator converted to NO
Pentaerythritol tetranitrate nitrate coronary vasodilator converted to NO
Isosorbide dinitrate nitrate coronary vasodilator converted to NO
Isosorbide mononitrate nitrate coronary vasodilator converted to NO
Quinidine cinchona alkaloid anti-arrhythmic Na+ channel blocker
Procainamide amide anti-arrhythmic Na+ channel blocker
Lidocaine amide anti-arrhythmic Na+ channel blocker
Tocainide amide anti-arrhythmic Na+ channel blocker
Flecainide amide anti-arrhythmic Na+ channel blocker
Encainide amide anti-arrhythmic Na+ channel blocker
Propafenone aryloxypropanolamine anti-arrhythmic Na+ channel blocker
Mexilitene misc. anti-arrhythmic Na+ channel blocker
Amiodarone misc. anti-arrhythmic non-comp a1 & non-sel. B-blockade
Esmolol aryloxypropanolamine anti-arrhythmic B1 blockade
Sotalol arylethanolamine anti-arrhythmic non-sel B-blockade
Adenosine nucleoside anti-arrhythmic slows AV node conduction
Moricizine Phenothiazine anti-arrhythmic Na+ blocker
Ibutilide misc. anti-arrhythmic delays repolarization
Dofetilide B-phenethylamine anti-arrhythmic blocks delayed rectifier K+ current
Verapamil B-phenethylamine CCB blocks L-type Ca channels
Nifedipine 1,4-dihydropyridine CCB blocks L-type Ca channels
Nimodipine 1,4-dihydropyridine CCB blocks L-type Ca channels
Nicardipine 1,4-dihydropyridine CCB blocks L-type Ca channels
Isradipine 1,4-dihydropyridine CCB blocks L-type Ca channels
Felodipine 1,4-dihydropyridine CCB blocks L-type Ca channels
Amlodipine 1,4-dihydropyridine CCB blocks L-type Ca channels
Nisoldipine 1,4-dihydropyridine CCB blocks L-type Ca channels
Diltiazem benzothiazepine CCB blocks L-type Ca channels
Bepridil misc. CCB blocks L-type Ca channels
Acetazolamide sulfonamide CA inhibitor comp. CA inhibitor
Methazolamide sulfonamide CA inhibitor comp. CA inhibitor
Dorzolamide sulfonamide CA inhibitor comp. CA inhibitor
Brinzolamide sulfonamide CA inhibitor comp. CA inhibitor
Dichlorphenamide sulfonamide CA inhibitor comp. CA inhibitor
Furosemide sulfamoylbenzoic acid loop diuretic inhibit 1Na+/1K+/2Cl- cotransport system
Bumetanide sulfamoylbenzoic acid loop diuretic inhibit 1Na+/1K+/2Cl- cotransport system
Torsemide sulfonylurea loop diuretic inhibit 1Na+/1K+/2Cl- cotransport system
Ethacrynic acid sulfonylurea loop diuretic inhibit 1Na+/1K+/2Cl- cotransport system
Spironolactone steroid K-sparing diuretic comp. aldosterone antagonist
Triamterene pteridine K-sparing diuretic inhibits Na/K exchange
Amiloride pyrazine K-sparing diuretic inhibits Na/K exchange
Chlorothiazide thiazide diuretic inhibits Na/Cl cotransport
Benzthiazide thiazide diuretic inhibits Na/Cl cotransport
Hydrochlorothiazide thiazide diuretic inhibits Na/Cl cotransport
Hydroflumethiazide thiazide diuretic inhibits Na/Cl cotransport
Bendroflumethiazide thiazide diuretic inhibits Na/Cl cotransport
Trichlormethiazide thiazide diuretic inhibits Na/Cl cotransport
Methyclothiazide thiazide diuretic inhibits Na/Cl cotransport
Polythiazide thiazide diuretic inhibits Na/Cl cotransport
Cyclothiazide thiazide diuretic inhibits Na/Cl cotransport
Metolazone thiazide diuretic inhibits Na/Cl cotransport
Heparin glucosoaminoglycan anticoagulant inhibits conversion of prothrombin to thrombin
Enoxaparin low MW heparin anticoagulant enhances inhibition of factor Xa & thrombin
Dalteparin low MW heparin anticoagulant enhances inhibition of factor Xa & thrombin
Danaparoid low MW heparin anticoagulant inhibits fibrin formation
Dicumerol coumarin anticoagulant inhibits vitamin K epoxide reductase
Warfarin coumarin anticoagulant inhibits vitamin K epoxide reductase
Anisindione indanedione anticoagulant inhibits vitamin K epoxide reductase
Argatroban arginine der. anticoagulant direct thrombin inhibitor
Antithrombin III glycoprotein (blank) inhibits thrombin formation
Lepirudin rDNA polypeptide anticoagulant direct thrombin inhibitor
Bevalirudin rDNA polypeptide anticoagulant direct thrombin inhibitor
Vitamin K vitamin coagulant promotes synthesis of prothrombin
Phytonadione vitamin coagulant promotes synthesis of prothrombin
Menadione vitamin coagulant promotes synthesis of prothrombin
Menadiol vitamin coagulant promotes synthesis of prothrombin
Aspirin salicylate anti-inflammatory irrev. inhibits COX-1 & COX-2
Dipyridamole misc. antiplatelet agent inhibits PDE, adenosine uptake in RBCs & TXA2 formation
Ticlopidine thienopyridine antiplatelet agent inhibits ADP-induced platelet aggregation
Clopidogrel thienopyridine antiplatelet agent inhibits ADP-induced platelet aggregation
Anagrelide quinazoline antiplatelet agent disrupts postmitotic phase of hypermaturation
Cilostazol quinazoline antiplatelet agent Inhibits PDE III
Eptifibatide cyclic peptide antiplatelet agent comp. blocks fibrinogen binding to GP IIb/IIIa
Tirofiban misc antiplatelet agent comp. blocks fibrinogen binding to GP IIb/IIIa
Urokinase enzyme thrombolytic coverts plasminogen to plasmin
Anistreplase enzyme thrombolytic coverts plasminogen to plasmin
Streptokinase protein thrombolytic coverts plasminogen to plasmin
Alteplase rDNA-derived enzyme tissue plasminogen activator coverts plasminogen to plasmin; fibrin enhanced
Reteplase rDNA-derived enzyme tissue plasminogen activator coverts plasminogen to plasmin; fibrin enhanced
Tenecteplase rDNA-derived enzyme tissue plasminogen activator coverts plasminogen to plasmin; fibrin enhanced
Cholestyramine sequestering resin antihyperlipidemic increases rate of cholesterol oxidation
Colestipol sequestering resin antihyperlipidemic increases rate of cholesterol oxidation
Dextrothyroxine amino acid antihyperlipidemic increases rate of cholesterol oxidation
Gemfibrozil aralkoxycarboxylic acid antihyperlipidemic increases lipolysis via lipoprotein lipase
Clofibrate fibric acid der. antihyperlipidemic increases lipolysis via lipoprotein
Fenofibrate fibric acid der. antihyperlipidemic increases lipolysis via lipoprotein
Lovastatin terpene antihyperlipidemic inhibits HMG-Co A reductase
Pravastatin terpene antihyperlipidemic inhibits HMG-Co A reductase
Simvastatin terpene antihyperlipidemic inhibits HMG-Co A reductase
Fluvastatin terpene antihyperlipidemic inhibits HMG-Co A reductase
Cerivastatin terpene antihyperlipidemic inhibits HMG-Co A reductase
Atorvastatin terpene antihyperlipidemic inhibits HMG-Co A reductase
Nicotinic acid vitamin antihyperlipidemic inhibits FFA mobilization
Monooctanoin glycerol der. gallstone solvent solubilizes cholesterol gallstones
Diphenhydramine ethanolamine H1-antihistaminic H1-receptor antagonist
Clemastine ethanolamine H1-antihistaminic H1-receptor antagonist
Bromodiphenhydramine ethanolamine H1-antihistaminic H1-receptor antagonist
Carbinoxamine ethanolamine H1-antihistaminic H1-receptor antagonist
Doxylamine ethanolamine H1-antihistaminic H1-receptor antagonist
Tripelenamine ethylenediamine H1-antihistaminic H1-receptor antagonist
Pyrilamine ethylenediamine H1-antihistaminic H1-receptor antagonist
Chlropheniramine propylamine H1-antihistaminic H1-receptor antagonist
Dexchlorpheniramine propylamine H1-antihistaminic H1-receptor antagonist
Brompheniramine propylamine H1-antihistaminic H1-receptor antagonist
Tripolidine propylamine H1-antihistaminic H1-receptor antagonist
Promethazine phenothiazine H1-antihistaminic H1-receptor antagonist
Methdilazine ethylenediamine H1-antihistaminic H1-receptor antagonist
Trimeprazine ethylenediamine H1-antihistaminic H1-receptor antagonist
Hydroxyzine piperazine H1-antihistaminic H1-receptor antagonist
Cyproheptadine piperidine H1-antihistaminic H1-receptor antagonist
Azatidine piperidine H1-antihistaminic H1-receptor antagonist
Phenindamine piperidine H1-antihistaminic H1-receptor antagonist
Azelastine phthalazinone H1-antihistaminic H1-receptor antagonist
Cyclizine piperazine H1-antinauseant H1-receptor antagonist
Meclizine piperazine H1-antinauseant H1-receptor antagonist
Buclizine piperazine H1-antinauseant H1-receptor antagonist
Fexofenadine piperidine 2nd generation H1-antihistaminic H1-receptor antagonist
Astemizole piperidine 2nd generation H1-antihistaminic H1-receptor antagonist
Loratidine piperidine 2nd generation H1-antihistaminic H1-receptor antagonist
Levocabastine piperidine 2nd generation H1-antihistaminic H1-receptor antagonist
Cetirizine piperazine 2nd generation H1-antihistaminic H1-receptor antagonist
Acrivastine propylamine 2nd generation H1-antihistaminic H1-receptor antagonist
Ketotifen piperidine opthalmic H1-antihistaminic H1-receptor antagonist & inhibits mast cell degranulation
Olopatidine propylamine opthalmic H1-antihistaminic H1-receptor antagonist & inhibits mast cell degranulation
Cimetidine cyanoguanidine der. H2-antihistaminic H2-receptor antagonist
Ranitidine cyanoguanidine der. H2-antihistaminic H2-receptor antagonist
Famotidine cyanoguanidine der. H2-antihistaminic H2-receptor antagonist
Nizatidine cyanoguanidine der. H2-antihistaminic H2-receptor antagonist
Omeprazole benzimidazole proton pump inhibitor inhibits H+/K+ ATPase via covalent binding
Esomeprazole benzimidazole proton pump inhibitor inhibits H+/K+ ATPase via covalent binding
Lansoprazole benzimidazole proton pump inhibitor inhibits H+/K+ ATPase via covalent binding
Rabeprazole benzimidazole proton pump inhibitor inhibits H+/K+ ATPase via covalent binding
Sulcralfate A1-carbohydrate complex chemical complexation protects ulcer site from acid & pepsin
Misoprostol PGE1 derivative mucosal protectant mucosal prostaglandin receptor agonist
Created by: tnhardin on 2004-11-30



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