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erikson and freud st

erikson and freud stages questions

QuestionAnswer
A 10-Year-old boy proudly displays his principal's award certificate. This is an example of which of Erikson’s stages? Industry vs. Inferiority
An Infant believes that his parents will feed him. This is an example of which of Erikson’s stages? Trust vs. Mistrust
22-year-old woman picks a circle of friends with whom she spends her free time. This is an example of which of Erikson’s stages? Intimacy vs. Isolation
13-year-old girl fights with her mother about appropriate dress. This is an example of which of Erikson’s stages? Identity vs. Role Confusion
A nursing home resident reflects positively on her past life experiences. This is an example of which of Erikson’s stages? Ego Integrity vs. Despair
A 15-year-old boy worries about how his classmates treat him. This is an example of which of Erikson’s stages? Identity vs. Role Confusion
A 45-year-old man meets a goal of guiding his two children into rewarding careers. This is an example of which of Erikson’s stages? Generativity vs. Stagnation
A Kindergarten student learns the ABC's. This is an example of which of Erikson’s stages? Initiative vs.Guilt
A 2-year-old boy expresses interest in dressing himself. This is an example of which of Erikson’s stages? Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
A 35-year-old woman volunteers Sat. Mornings to work with the homeless. This is an example of which of Erikson’s stages? Generativitiy vs. Stagnation
Which stage of Erikson’s is this age: Infancy (0-1.5 years)? Trust vs. Mistrust
Which stage of Erikson’s is this age: Early childhood (1.5-3 years)? Autonomy vs. shame and doubt
Which stage of Erikson’s is this age: Late childhood (3-6 years)? Initiative vs. guilt
Which stage of Erikson’s is this age School age (6-12 years)? Industry vs. inferiority
Which stage of Erikson’s is this age Adolescence (12-20 years)? Identity vs. role confusion
Which stage of Erikson’s is this age Young Adulthood (20-30 years)? Intimacy vs. Isolation
Which stage of Erikson’s is this age: Adulthood (30-65 years)? Generativity vs. stagnation
Which stage of Erikson’s is this age: Old age (65 years – Death)? Ego integrity vs. despair
The major developmental task of “developing a basic trust in the mother figure and generalizing it to others” belongs to which of Erikson’s stages? Trust vs. Mistrust
The major developmental task of “gaining some self-control and independence” belongs to which of Erikson’s stages? Autonomy vs. shame and doubt
The major developmental task of “achieving a sense of self-confidence by learning, competing, performing successfully and receiving recognition from others” belongs to which of Erikson’s stages? Initiative vs. guilt
The major developmental task of “integrating the tasks mastered in the previous stages into a secure sense of self” belongs to which of Erikson’s stages? Identity vs. role confusion
The major developmental task of “forming intense, lasting relationships tor commitments to another person, cause, institution, or creative effort” belongs to which of Erikson’s stages? Intimacy vs. isolation
The major developmental task of “achieving one’s life goals while also considering the needs of future generations” belongs to which of Erikson’s stages? Generativity vs. stagnation
The major developmental task of “reviewing one’s life and deriving meaning from both positive and negative events, while achieving a positive sense of self-worth” belongs to which of Erikson’s stages? Ego integrity vs. despair
___________ described eight stages of the life cycle during which individuals struggle with developmental “crises”? Erikson
Freud’s first stage of psychosexual development (age 0 to 18 months) is called _______? Oral
Which of Freud’s stages is when pleasure is centered on the mouth area? Oral
Freud’s second stage of psychosexual development (18 months through three years), is called _______? Anal
Which of Freud’s stages is when pleasure is centered on the function of elimination? Anal
Freud’s third stage of psychosexual development (3-6 years), is called _______? Phallic
Which of Freud’s stages is when gratification is centered on the genital area? Phallic
The Oedipus conflict occurs during which stage of psychosexual development? Phallic
Freud’s fourth stage of psychosexual development (6-12 years), is called _______? Latency
Which of Freud’s stages is when emphasis is developing social skills rather than sexual gratification? Latency
Freud’s fifth stage of psychosexual development (13-20 years), is called _______? Genital
Which of Freud’s stages is when sexual gratification is achieved through sexual intercourse? Genital
The incestual attraction the boy has toward his mother and its accompanying desire to kill the rival for his mother's affection (i.e. father) and fear of castration by his father is called the __________ _______? Oedipus complex
Relief from anxiety through oral gratification of needs is the major developmental task of which of Freud’s stages? Oral
Learning independence and control, with focus on excretory function is the major developmental task of which of Freud’s stages? Anal
Identification with parent of same sex; development of sexual identity; focuse on gential organs are part of which of Freud’s stages? Phallic
Sexuality repressed; focus on relationships with same-sex peers are part of which of Freud’s stages? Latency
Libido reawakend as genital organs mature; focus on relationship with members of opposite sex are part of which of Freud’s stages? Genital
Freud’s term for the structural locus of instinctual drives or “pleasure principle” is the ______? Id
Present at birth, it endows the infant with instinctual drives that seek to satisfy needs and achieve immediate gratification? Id
Impulsive and/or irrational behaviors may be driven by the ___? Id
Freud’s term for the “rational self” or the “reality principle” that begins to develop between the ages of 4 and 6 is the ____? Ego
According to Freud, the ____ experiences the reality of the external world, adapts to it, and responds to it? Ego
According to Freud, a primary function of the ____ is to act as a mediator between the external world, and the other components of the personality? Ego
Freud’s term for the “perfection principle” which develops between 3-6 years of age and that internalizes the values and morals set forth by primary caregivers is the _____? Superego
According to Freud, the _________ is derived from a system of rewards and punishments and is associated with a person’s value system and feelings of guilt? Superego
The ego-ideal and the conscience are the two components that make up the _________? Superego
According to Freud, which portion of the mind includes all the memories that remain within an individual’s awareness? Conscious
According to Freud, which portion of the mind includes all the memories that may, with attention, be readily recalled? Preconscious
According to Freud, which portion of the mind includes all the memories that one is unable to bring into conscious awareness? Subconscious
Freud believed that unpleasant or nonessential memories that have been repressed and can only be retrieved through hypnosis, therapy, or certain substances or that may emerge in dreams or through incomprehensible behaviors are part of the _________? Unconscious
According to Freud, the ____________ enhances awareness by helping to suppress unpleasant or nonessential memories? Preconcious
Freud believed that “psychic energy”, the force required for mental energy originated in the _____? Id
Freud called “psychic energy” or the drive to fulfill basic physiological needs such as thirst, hunger, and sex the _______? Libido
Freud used the terms ________ and _________ to describe the forces within the id, ego, and superego that are used to invest psychic energy into external sources to satisfy needs? cathexis and anticathexis
The use of psychic energy by the ego and the superego to control the id impulses is called __________? Anticathexis
The process by which the id invests psychic energy into an object in an attempt to achieve gratification is called ________? cathexis
Freud would use the term ________ to describe an individual whose instinctual drive turns to alcohol to relieve stress? cathexis
Freud might say that the ego attempting to control the use of alcohol with rational thinking such as “I already have ulcers from drining too much” is an example of ________? anticathexis
Freud believed that an imbalance between ________ and __________ results in internal conflicts that produce anxiety and tension within the individual? cathexis and anticathexis
The fulfillment of basic needs during which of Freud’s stages fosters a sense of security and the ability to trust others? Oral
Freud believed that adults who are stubborn, stingy, miserly, malevolent, cruel to others, disorganized, and/or untidy may have had too strict or rigid toilet training during which stage? Anal
Freud believed that manner of toilet training during the _____ stage of development may have far-reaching effects on the development of personality and values? Anal
Created by: hwk on 2007-11-12



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