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R. Castro GOPO Un.2

GOPO unit 2

attentive public those who follow politics and public affairs carefully
Australian ballot secret ballot printed at the expense of the state
balancing the ticket occurs when a presidential nominee chooses a vice presidential running mate who has different qualities in order to attract more votes for the ticket
caucus local party meeting
closed primary party elections to choose presidential candidate that is closed to independents.
Demographics characteristics of populations e.g race sex income
direct election election of an official directly by the people rather than by an intermediary group such as the electoral college
direct primary election in which the people choose candidates for offices
fixed term terms of office that have a definite length of time e.g 4 yrs for president
front loading scheduling presidential primary elections early in the election year
gender gap difference in voting patterns for men and women, particularly n the greater tendency of the latter to vote Democratic presidential candidates
general election election in which the officeholders are chosen. contrast with a primary election, in which only the candidates are chosen.
hard money campaign contributions donated to candidates
ideology set of beliefs about political values and the role of government
incumbent officeholder who is seeking reelection
independent one is not registered with a political party.
Independent learners vote for candidates of 1 party
pure independents voters with no consistent pattern of part voting
issue advocacy ads ads that focus on issues and do no explicitly encourage citizens to vote for a certain candidate.
open primary election to chose candidates that open to independents and in which voters may choose candidates from any one party.
party identification a sense of affiliation that a person has with a particular political party
party platform list of positions and programs that the party adopts at the national convention. each position = a PLANK
political culture widely shared beliefs, values, and norms that citizens share about their government.
plurality more votes than anyone else, but less than half, e.g clinton won a plurality (43%) but not majority. plurality elections such as those for congress are won by the person with the most votes, regardless if he/she has a majority
political efficacy capacity to understand and influence political events
political socialization process in which one acquires his/her political beliefs
realigning ("critical") election an election in which there is a long term change in party alignment, e.g., 1932
safe seat an office that is extremely likely to be won by a particular candidate or party
single member district system system in which the people elect one representative per district. with a winner-take-all-rule, this system strengthens the two major parties and weakens minor parties.
soft money
solid South historically, the south voted solidly Democratic. however, the South is now strongly Republican: Bush carried every Southern state in 2000.
split ticket voting casting votes for candidates of one's own party and for candidates of opposing parties, e.g., voting for a Republican presidential candidates and a Democratic congressional candidate.
straight ticket voting casting votes only for candidates of one's own party
suffrage the right to vote
super-delegate delegate to the Democratic national convention who is there by virtue of holding an office
Super Tuesday a Tuesday in early March in which many presidential primaries, particularly in the South, are held
swing states states that does not consistently vote either Democratic or Republican in presidential elections.
Created by: 100000046295132