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chapter 11

class of drugs based on prep (liquid/solid)

Emulsion Amixture of fats or oils in water. liquid
Liniment A drug combined with oil,soap, alcohol, or water. liquid
Lotion An aqueous preparation that contains suspended ingredients. liquid
Solution A liquid preparation that contains one or more completely dissolved substances. liquid
spirit A drug combined with a acoholic solution that is volatile. liquid
Spray A fine stream of medicated vapor, usually used to treat nose and throat conditions. liquid
Suspension A drug that contains solid insoluble drug particles in a liquid; the preparation must be shaken before adminisration. liquid
Suspension B A pressurized form in which solid aerosol or liquid drug partivles are suspended in a gas to be disspend in a cloud or mist liquid
Syrup A drug dissolved in a solution of sugar, water, and sometimes a flavoring to disguise an unpleasant taste. liquid
Tincture A drug dissolved in a solution of alcohol or alcohol and water. liquid
Tablet A powered drug; that has been pressed into discs. solid
Chewable Tablet A powered drug that has been flavoerd and pressed into a disc. solid
Sublingual Tablet A powered drug that has been pressed into a disc and is designed to dissolve under the tongue, whoch permits its rapid absorption into the bloodstream. solid
Enteric-coated tablet A tablet coated with a substance that prevents it from dissolving untill it reaches the intestines. solid
Capsule A drug contained in a gelatin capsule that is water-soluble and functions to prevent the patient from tasting the drug. solid
Sustained-release capsule A capsule that contains granules that dissolve at the different rates to provide a gradual and a gradual and continuous release of medication. solid
caplet A drug contained in a oblong tablet with a smooth coating to make swallowing easier. solid
Lozenge a drug contained in a candylike base. solid
Cream A drug combined in a base that is generally nongreasy, resulting in a semisolid preparation. solid
Ointment A drug with an oil base, resulting in a semisoild prepaation. solid
Suppository A drug mixed with a firm base, such as cocoa butter, that is designed to melt at body temperature. solid
Transdermal patch A patch with an adhesive backing, witch contains a drug, that is applied to the skin. solid
Elixir A drug that is dissolved in a solution of alcohol and qater. liquid
Created by: heathertaylor