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CMS6- Unit 7-Vocab

CMS6 Unit 7-Latin America's Cultural Legacy Vocabulary Review

QuestionAnswer
Who was the last leader of the powerful Aztec empire of Mexico? Montezuma II
Who were the powerful Native American people who ruled Mexico prior to the arrival of the Spanish? Aztecs
Who was the leader of a group of 600 Spanish conquistadors (soldiers) that conquered that Aztecs and claimed Mexico for Spain? Hernan Cortes
Who was the last leader of the Inca Empire in the Andes Mountains of Peru? Atahualpa
Who were the powerful Native American people who ruled the Andes Mountains of Peru before the arrival of the Spanish? Inca
Who was the leader of a group of Spanish conquistadors(soldiers) who defeated the Incas and claimed their land for Spain? Francisco Pizarro
What is the name for the exchange of plants, animals, tools, ideas, diseases, etc. between the New World (Latin and North America) and the Old World (Europe)? Columbian Exchange
What was the name given to the trade routes that brought slaves across the Atlantic Ocean from the west coast of Africa to the Americas and the Caribbean while sending items like gold, guns, and rum to Africa in return? Triangular trade
What term refers to a culture region formed by the Spanish and Portuguese speaking countries of the Western Hemisphere including those that were colonized by the British and other Europeans where the prevailing religion is Roman Catholicism? Latin America
Who led a successful rebellion against the French to free the Slaves of St. Domingue (Haiti) from French control? Toussaint L’Ouverture
Who is known as “the liberator” and was the general who won independence for the northern half of South America by leading their military forces to victory over the Spanish? Simon Bolivar
Who was a Catholic priest whose “Grito de Delores” (Cry of Delores) rallied Mexicans to rebel for independence against Spanish rule? Miguel Hidalgo
What was the system of writing used by the Mayans with symbols that stood for words or syllables? Hieroglyphs
These were the floating gardens used by the Aztecs for growing crops in swampy land around their capital? chinampas
What is the great mountain city built by the Incas in the Andes Mountains that is famous for its stonework ruins today? Machu Picchu
This group provided the labor that allowed plantation-style cash crop economies to thrive in the Americas and the Caribbean? African slaves
Who is remembered as “the Liberator” of South America? (The country of Bolivia is named after him). Simon Bolivar
Who is remembered as the “Father of Mexico’s Independence” for beginning their revolution against Spanish rule? Miguel Hidalgo
What caused a severe decline of the indigenous population due to diseases (smallpox, measles, influenza) brought by Europeans. These diseases had a devastating impact because the Native Americans had no immunity to them. Columbian Exchange
Created by: jpkelley on 2012-10-01



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