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Matter Unit

Volume Amount of space an object takes up
Matter Has mass and takes up space
Meniscus Curved line of a liquid
Regular-Shaped Object Objects sides can be measured
Irregular-Shaped Object Objects sides cannot be measured
Triple-beam Balance Measures Mass
Spring scale Measure Weight
Inertia tendency of an object in motion to stay in motion
Graduated Cylinder Measures volume of a liquid
Mass Amount of matter in an object
Newton Units for Weight
Grams Units for Mass
Density The mass per unit of volume of a substance
Solubility ability of a substance to dissolve
Ductility Ability to be pulled into a wire
Thermal Conductivity rate at which a substance transfers heat
Magnetism Property of a material to attract iron
Malleability ability of substance to be pounded into sheets
Physical Change A change of matter from one form to another
Weight Measure of gravitational force on an object
What units are used for liquid volume? Liters or Milliliter
Specific Heat Amount of energy needed to change the temperature of something
Low specific Heat Little Energy to heat up. Heats up fast. Ex: Metal
Hight Specific Heat More Energy to heat up. Heats up slow. Ex: wood
Chemical Property Ability to change into a new substance with different properties
An iron nail reacts with _________ to rust. Oxygen in the air
Why are chemical changes hard to reverse? Because they change the identity of the matter.
Flammability Ability of a substance to burn
In a density coloumn, the most dense layer would be found where? The bottom
Reactivity two substances combine to make one substance
Electrolysis Breakdown of Water
Percipitate Cloudy substance formed when mixing two substances
Strength how much Stick-togetherness a material has
Hardness ability of a substance to be scratched
Electrical Conductivity How freely charges (electricity) move through a substance
Boiling Point Temperature at which a liquid goes to a gas
Melting Point Temperature at which a solid goes to a liquid
What are the units used for Density? g/cm3
What are the units used for mass? grams (g)
What are the units used for volume? cm3 (cubic centimeters)
What is the density formula? D= m/v
What is the formula used for mass? M = VxD
What is the formula used for volume? V= m/D
What are the five signs that a chemical change has occured? 1. Change in color 2. Change in odor 3. Release of energy as sound, heat, and light 4. Release of bubbles 5. Clouding of mixture
Flexibility ability to bend without breaking
Has a definite shape Solid
Has no definite shape or size and fills its entire container? Gas
Formula used to find the volume of a regular-shaped object Length x Width x Height
How do you find the volume of an irregluar-shaped object Using a Graduated cylinder to measure water displacement. 1. Fill up and measure 2. object in and measure 3. subtract the two volumes
Chemical or Physical Change Iron Rusting Chemical Change
Chemical or Physical Change Melting ice cream Physical Change
Chemical or Physical Change Pouring Juice Physical Change
Chemical or Physical Change Burning paper Chemical Change
Chemical or Physical Change Vinegar reacting with baking soda Chemical Change
Created by: kendra.parker