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Male Reproductive 9

Medical Terminology Davi-Ellen Chabner Chapter 9

andr/o male
balan/o penis
cry/o cold
crypt/o hidden
epididym/o epididymis
gon/o seed
hydro/o water, fluid
orch/o orchi/o orchid/o testis, testicle
pen/o penis
prostat/o prostate gland
semin/i semen, seed
sperm/o spermatozoa
spermat/o semen
terat/o monster
test/o testis, testicle
vari/o varicose vein
vas/o vessel, duct; vas deferens
zo/o animal life
-genesis formation
-one hormone
-pexy fixation, put in place
-stomy new opening
carcinoma of the testes (testicular cancer) Malignant tumor of the testicles
cryptorchidism, cryptorchism undescended testicles
hydrocele sac of clear fluid in the scrotum
testicular torsion twisting of the spermatic cord
varicocele enlarged, dilated veins near the testicle
benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) Benign growth of cells within the prostate gland
carcinoma of the prostate (prostate cancer) malignant tumor of the prostate gland
hypospadias; hypospadia congenital abnormality in which the male urethral opening is on the undersurface of the penis, instead of at its tip
phimosis narrowing (stricture) of the opening of the prepuce over the glans
chlamydial infection bacterial invasion (by chlamydia trachomatis) of the urethra and reproductive tract
gonorrhea inflammation of the genital tract mucosa, caused by infection with gonococci (berry-shaped bacteria)
herpes genitalis infection of skin and genital mucosa, caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV)
human papillomavirus (HPV) infection infection of the skin and mucous membranes in the anogenital region by the human papillomavirus
syphilis chronic STD caused by a spirochete (spiral-shaped bacterium)
PSA test measurement of levels of prostate specific antigen (PSA) in the blood
semen analysis microscopic examination of ejaculated fluid
castration surgical excision of testicles or ovaries
circumcision surgical procedure to remove the prepuce of the penis
digital rectal examination finger palpation through the anal canal and rectum to examine the prostate gland
photoselective vaporization of the prostate (GreenLight PVP) Removal of tissue to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) using a green light laser (laser TURP)
transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) Excision of benign prostatic hyperplasia using a resectoscope through the urethra
vasectomy bilateral surgical removal of a part of the vas deferens
vasectomy inflammation of the testes
orchitis inflammation of the tube that carries the spermatozoa to the vas deferens
prostatectomy resection of the prostate gland
prostatitis inflammation of the prostate gland
spermatogenesis the process of producing the formation of sperm cells
orchiopexy fixation of undescended testicle
balanitis inflammation of the penis
oligospermia condition of scanty sperm
aspermia no sperm or semen are produced
hypospadias congenital anomaly in which the urethra opens on the underside of the penis
parenchyma distinctive, essential tissue or cells of an organ, glomeruli and tubules of the kidney, seminiferous tubules of the testis
stroma supportive and connective tissue of an organ
cryogenic pertaining to producing cold or freezing temperatures
testosterone hormone made by the interstitial cells of the testes; responsible for secondary sex characteristics
phimosis narrowing or stenosis of the foreskin on the glans penis
azoospermia lack of spermatozoa in the semen
androgen hormone producing male characteristic
testicular seminoma malignant tumor of the testes composed of germ or embryonic cells
teratoma malignant tumor of the testes composed of embryonic tissue, forming bone, hair, skin, cartilage.
epididymis tube above each testis; carries and stores sperm
prostate gland gland surrounding the urethra at the base of the urinary bladder
seminiferous fluid parenchymal tissue of the testes; produces spermatoza
spematozoon sperm cell
prepuce foreskin
testis, testicle male gonad, produces hormone and sperm cells
seminal vesicles pair of sacs; secrete fluid into ejaculatory ducts
scrotum, scrotal sac sac on outside of the body enclosing the testes
vas deferens tube carrying sperm from the epididymis toward the urethra
bulbourethral pair of glands near the urethra; secrete fluid into the urethra
castration orchiectomy
semen analysis test of fertility (reproductive ability)
ejaculation ejection of sperm and fluid from the urethra
purulent pus-filled
vasectomy removal of a piece of the vas deferens
circumcision removal of the prepuce
ligation to tie off or bind
cryosurgery destruction of tissue by freezing
testicular pertaining to a testicle
Created by: tvelis