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ARH145H test 1

Native American Art History

Anasazi Bowl - mostly closed, geometric designs, black and white (usually)
Mimbres Bowl - open, ceremonial, animal designs, kill hole! used for burial
Hohokam Pithouses and platform mounds, sophisticated irrigation system, ceremonial ball courts (influence from Mexico, syncretic)
Zuni Deer in the house design, rosettes. Pottery.
Hopi Sikyatki style (discovered, revived early 1900s) by Nampeyo. Kachinas.
Acoma Lucy Lewis - pottery. Intricate geometric black & white repeating patterns. Contemporary-ish? 1898-1992
Apache Basket weaving
Casa Rinconada Kiva in Chaco Canyon, aligned with cardinal directions. Probably the site of major ceremonies.
Navajo Weavings! Different phases, different styles. Vegetal and natural dyes.
Chaco Canyon Northwestern New Mexico, Pueblo/Chacoan people
Fajada Butte In Chaco Canyon, sun daggers align with sun on solstices. Act as calendar, way to mark time
Fransiscans Involved in Pueblo revolt
Kachinas Made only by men, given only to girls (except cradle dolls) 3 kinds. Hopi.
Kill Hole In Mimbres pottery, used for burial
Koshare Sacred 'clowns' almost, Roxanne Swentzell
Parfleche Rawhide bag
Po'pay Leader of Pueblo Revolt 1680 - shown with knotted rope (used to count down days)
Pueblo Bonito In Chaco Canyon, most celebrated, largest and best known GREAT HOUSE
Pueblo Revolt 1680 August 10, 1680, Po'pay and Pueblos drove away Fransiscans and priests, kept them away for 12 years
San Ildefonso black/black pottery Maria Martinez. Black on black designs, very popular, she started signing her name to others' work to help them sell it
Shaman/shamanism Sacred medicine man, could travel through the worlds/dimensions to bring back wisdom and healing powers. Used drums with designs.
Sipapu Hole in the bottom of a kiva where the spirits would come through from other worlds
Syncretic Blend of 2+ different cultural styles. Examples: matachines dance, squash blossom, cosmic tree (christianity)
Trickster Clever, caused chaos. Raven and Coyote (raven much smarter than coyote)
Wheelwright Museum of the American Indian in NM, founded by Mary Wheelwright and Hosteen Klah
Winter count One of the ways of keeping records (also - time ball, oral history)
World tree/cosmic tree connects all the worlds - heavens, earth, spirit world. ties to christianity (syncretic)
Kiva partially subterranean, used in ceremonies. Niches, cutouts, sipapu
Hogan Male (forked-pole, simpe) and female (6 or 8 sided, East entrance) form. Now ceremonial, used to be for living.
Pit house Like Kiva but used for living, not ceremonies
Platform mound Hohokam. mound used to support a structure or activity
Pueblo community
Marcus Amerman Contemporary Choctaw bead and glasswork artist
Hosteen Klah 1920s, was a man but lived as a woman, blended male and female artwork and was the first to do so. Sandpaintings + weavings
Lucy Lewis Acoma, intricate black/white designs of pottery
James Luna Contemporary multimedia artist
Maria Martinez San Ildefonso, black/black pottery, early 1900s, signed name to other work
Nampeyo Hopi, helped revive sikyatki style pottery
Diego Romero contemporary artist, potter, does native-influenced pop art on his pottery
Roxanne Swentzell sculptor, known for koshares
Acquisition of artifacts: trade, purchase, gift, violence, theft
Created by: Kristinaguice