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Skeletal System

QuestionAnswer
calcaneus short bone of the heel
frontal flat bone of the forhead
femor long bone of the superior leg
humerus long bone of the superior arm
mandible flat bone that makes the chin
metacarpal long bone of the hand
radius long bone on the medial side of the inferior arm
sternum flat bone of the chest
vertebra irregular bone of the vertebral column
diaphysis name for the bone shaft
epiphyseal plate site of longitudinal growth in a child
epiphysis site of spongy bone in adult where hematopoiesis takes place
yellow marrow cavity site of fate storage in the adult
red marrow site of hematopoiesis
osteocyte mature bone cell
osteoblasts bone-forming cells
Diaphysis Site of compact bone in the adult
Simple fracture bone is broken cleanly; the ends do not penetrate the skin
Osteoclasts Giant bone destroying cells in bones
closed reduction nonsurgical realignment of broken bone ends and splinting of bone
Sagittal Suture Midline of the skull
Optic Canal Allows the optic nerve to pass to the eye
Sella Turcica Holds the pituitary gland in place
Greenstick Fracture Bone breaks incompletely, the same way a green twig breaks. Common in children.
Foramen Opening through a bone that allows muscles, nerves, arteries, veins, and other structures to connect one part of the body to another.
Canaliculi Tiny canals connecting lacunae
Occipital bone makes up most of the base of the skull
Concentric lamellae Layers of calcified matrix
Created by: jsimmonsua on 2012-09-26



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