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Chpt. 2 Med Terms

QuestionAnswer
Abdominal Cavity contains primarily the major organs of digestion
Adenectomy Surgical removal of a gland
Adenocarcinoma a malignant tumor that originates in glandular tissue
Adenoma a benign tumor that arises in or resembles, glandular tissue
Adenomalacia abnormal softening of a gland
Adenosclerosis abnormal hardening of the gland
Anaplasia change in the structure of cells and their orientation to each other
Anatomy The study of structures in the body
Anomaly deviatation from what is regarded as normal
Anterior situated in front
Aplasia defective development, or the congenitial absence of an organ or tissue
Bloodborne Transmission is the spread of a disease through contact with the blood
Caudal toward the lower part of the body
Cephalic means toward the head
Chromosomes genetic structures located within the nucleus of each cell
Communicable Disease any condition that is transmitted from one person to another either by direct or indirect contact
Congenital Disorder abnormal condition that exists at the time of birth
Cytoplasm material within the cell membrane that is not part of the nucleus
Distal situated farthest from the midline or beginning of a body structure
Dorsal refers to the back of the organ or body
Dysplasia abnormal development or growth of cells, tissues or organs
Endemic refers to the ongoing presence of a disease within population, group, or area
Endocrine Glands which produses hormones
Epidemic is a sudden and widespread outbreak of a disease within a specific population group or area
Epigastric Region is located above the stomach
Etiology is the study of the causes of disease
Exocrine Glands such as sweat glands, secret chemical substances into ducts that lead either to other organs out the body
Functional Disorders produces symptoms for which no physiological or anatomical can be identified
Genetic Disorder a pathological condition caused by absent or defective gene
Geriatrician a physician that specializes in the care of older people
Hemophilia a group of hereditary bleeding disorders in which the blood-clotting factor is missing
Histology is the study of the structure compositin and fuction of tissues
Homeostasis process through which body maintains a constant internal enviornment
Hyperplasia the enlargment of an organ or tissue because of an abnormal increase in the number of cells in the tissue
Hypertrophy general increase in the bulk of a body part or organ that is due to an increase in the size
Hypogastric Region located below the stomach
Hypoplasia incomplete development of an organ or usually due to dificency in the number of cells
Iatrogenic Illness an unfavorable response due to prescribed medical treatment
Idiopathic Disorder illness caused without known cause
Infectious Disease an illness caused by a living pathogenic organisms such as bacteria and viruses
Inguinal relating to the groin, refers to the entire lower area of abdomen
Medial direction toward or nearer the midline
Mesentry fused double layer of the parietal peritoneum that attaches parts of the intestines to the interior abdominal wall
Midsagittal Plane also known as the midline, is the sagittal plane that divides the body into equal right and left halves
Nosocomial Infection disease acquired in a hospital or clinical setting
Pandemic refers to an outbreak of a disease occurindg over a large geographic area, possibly worldwide
Pelvic Cavity space formed by hip bones and it contains primarily the organs of the reproductive and excretory system
Peritoneum multilayered membrane that protects and holds the organs in place within the abdominal cavity
Peritonis inflammation of the peritoneum
Phenyiketonuria commonly known as PKU, is a genetic disorder in which the essential digestive enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase is missing
Physiology Study of functions of the structures of the body
Posterior situated in the back
Proximal situated nearest the midline or the beginning of a body structure
Retroperitoneal located behind the peritoneum
Stem Cells are undifferintiated cells that unlike any specific adult cell, however, they have the important ability to form any adult cell
Thoracic Cavity also known as the chest cavity ot thorax. surrounds and protects the heart and lungs
Transverse Plane horizintal plane that divides the body into superior and inferior portions
Umbilicus commonly known as the belly button
Ventral refers to the front, or belly side, of the organ or body
Vector-borne Transmission the spread of certain disease due to the bite of a vector. Vectors are insects such as flies, mites, fleas, ticks, rats, & dogs
Created by: yesehern on 2012-09-26



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