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Cultural Geography

QuestionAnswer
Agricultural Density The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture.
Arable Land Land suited for agriculture
Arithmetic Density The total number of people divided by the total land area.
Brain Drain Large-scale emigration by talented people.
Cartography The science of mapmaking.
Chain Migration Migration of people to a specific location because relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there.
Counter urbanization Net migration from urban to rural areas in mrs developed countries.
Crude Birth Rate The total number of live births in a year for every 1000 people alive in the society.
Crude Death Rate Total number of deaths in a year for every 1000 people alive in the society.
Cultural Ecology The geographic study of human-environment relationships.
Cultural Landscape A combination of cultural features such as language and religion, economic features such as agriculture and industry and physical features such as climate and vegetation.
Demographic Transition THe process of change in a societies population from a condition of high crude birth and death rates and low rate of natural increase to a condition of low crude birth and death rates, low rate of natural increase, and a higher total population.
Dependency Ratio The number of people who are considered too young or too old to work (under 15 or over 64) compared to the number of people in their productive years.
Distance Decay The farther away one group is from another, the less likely the two group are to interact. Contact diminishes with increasing distance and eventually disappears.
Distribution and its properties The arrangement of a feature in space. 1. Density 2. Concentration 3. Pattern
Doubling Time The number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase.
Earths 4 systems Abiotic-non living 1. Atmosphere-thin layer of gases surrounding Earth. 2. Hydrosphere-the water on and near earths surface. 3. Lithosphere-earths crust and a portion of upper mantle directly below the crust. Biotic-living 4. Biosphere-all living org
Ecology The scientific study of ecosystems.
Elderly Support Ratio Number of working age people (15-64) divided by the number of persons 65 or older.
Emigration Migration from a location.
Epidemiologic Transition Distinctive causes of death in each stage of the demographic transition.
Epidemiology Branch of medical science with the incidence, distribution and control of diseases that affect large numbers of people.
Expansion Diffusion The spread of a feature from one place to another in an additive process. This expansion may result from 1 of 3 processes: 1. Hierarchical diffusion 2. Contagious Diffusion 3. Stimulus Diffusion
Forced Migration Permanent movement compelled usually by cultural factors.
Functional Region An area organized around a node or focal point.
Geographic Information System A computer system that captures, stores, queries, analyzes, and displays geographic data.
Greenwich Mean Time or Universal Time The time at the prime meridian and the master reference time for all points on earth.
Guest Worker A term once used for a worker who migrated to the developed countries of Northern and Western Europe, usually from Southern and Eastern Europe or from North Africa, in search of higher-paying jobs.
Hearth The place from which an innovation originates.
Immigration Migration to a new location.
Infant Mortality Rate The total number of deaths in a year among infants under 1 year old for every 1000 live births in a society.
Internal Migration Permanent movement within a particular country.
International Dateline Follows 180 degree longitude when crossed heading east move clack back 24 hours. If you are heading west turn clock ahead 24 hours.
International Migration Permanent movement from one country to another.
Interregional Migration Permanent movement from one region of a country to another.
Intraregional Migration Permanent movement within one region of a country.
Life Expectancy The average number of years an individual can be expected to live, given current social, economic, and medical conditions. Life expectancy at birth is the average number of years a newborn infant can expect to live.
Map Scale The relationship of a features size on a map to its actual size on earth.
Mash-Ups The practice of overlaying data from one source on top of the mapping services.
Meridian An arc drawn between the North and South poles.
Migration Form of relocation diffusion involving a permanent move to a new location.
Migration Transition Change in the migration pattern in a society that results from industrialization, population growth, and other social and economic changes that also produce the demographic transition.
Natural Increase Rate The percentage growth of a population in a year, computed as the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate.
Net Migration The difference between the level of immigration and the level of emigration
Over Population The number of people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living.
Pandemic Disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very high proportion of the population.
Parallel Circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator.
Physiological Density The number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture.
Place A specific point on earth distinguished by a particular characteristic.
Polder Land created by the Dutch by draining water from an area.
Population Pyramid A bar graph that displays the percentage of a places population for each age and gender.
Possibilism The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
Prime Meridian The meridian that passes through the royal observatory at Greenwich, England, is 0 degrees longitude.
Projection and 4 types of Distortion The scientific method of transferring locations on earth's surface to a flat map. 1. Shape 2. Distance 3. Relative Size 4. Direction
Pull Factor Factor that induces people to move to a new location.
Push Factor Factor that induces people to leave old residences.
Quotas In reference to migration, laws that place maximum limits, on the number of people who can immigrate to a country each year.
Refugees People who are forced to migrate from their home country and cannot return for fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership in a social group or political opinion.
Region An area of earth distinguished by a combination of cultural and physical features.
Relocation Diffusion The spread of an idea through physical movement of people from one place to another.
Remote Sensing Acquisition of data about earths surface from a satellite or other long distance method.
Scale The relationship between the portion of earth being studied and earth as a whole.
Site The physical character of a place. Climate, Water sources, topography, soil, vegetation, latitude and elevation.
Situation The location of a place relative to other places.
Space The physical gap or interval between 2 objects.
Spacial Interaction When places are connected to each other through a network.
Toponym The name given to a place on earth.
Total Fertility Rate The average number of children a woman will have throughout her child bearing years.
Transnational Corporation Conducts research, operates factories, and sells products in many countries. Not just where its HQ's and principal share holders are located.
Unauthorized Immigrants People who enter a country without proper documents. Permanent movement undertaken by choice.
Vernacular A place that people believe exists as a part of their cultural identity.
Created by: Quackmbush