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Combining Forms

Medical Terminology Combining Forms

Combining FormMeaning
adip/o fat
lip/o fat
steat/o fat
derm/o skin
dermat/o skin
cutane/o skin
erythr/o red
hidr/o sweat
hist/o tissue
histi/o tissue
kerat/o hard
leuk/o white
melan/o black
myc/o fungus
onych/o nail
plas/o formation
purpur/o purple
scler/o hard
seb/o sebum (oil)
squam/o scale
trich/o hair
xanth/o yellow
xer/o dry
ankyl/o crooked or stiff
arthr/o joint
articul/o joint
brachi/o arm
cervic/o neck
chondr/o cartilage (gristle)
cost/o rib
crani/o skull
dactyl/o digit (finger or toe)
fasci/o fascia (band)
femor/o femur
fibr/o fiber
kyph/o humped-back
lei/o smooth
lord/o bent
lumb/o loin (lower back)
my/o muscle
myos/o muscle
muscul/o muscle
myel/o bone marrow or spinal cord
oste/o bone
patell/o knee cap
pelv/i pelvis (basin) or hip bone
radi/o radius
rhabd/o rod-shaped or striated (skeletal)
sarc/o flesh
scoli/o twisted
spondyl/o vertebra
vertebr/o vertebra
stern/o sternum (breastbone)
ten/o tendon (to stretch)
tend/o tendon (to stretch)
tendin/o tendon (to stretch)
thorac/o chest
ton/o tone or tension
uln/o ulna
angi/o vessel
vas/o vessel
vascul/o vessel
aort/o aorta
arteri/o artery
ather/o fatty (lipid) paste
atri/o atrium
cardi/o heart
coron/o circle or crown
pector/o chest
steth/o chest
sphygm/o pulse
thromb/o clot
ven/o vein
phleb/o vein
varic/o swollen, twisted vein
ventricul/o ventricle (belly or pouch)
blast/o germ or bud
chrom/o color
chromat/o color
chyl/o juice
cyt/o cell
hem/o blood
hemat/o blood
immun/o safe
lymph/o clear fluid
morph/o form
phag/o eat or swallow
reticul/o a net
splen/o spleen
thym/o thymus gland
alveol/o alveolus (air sac)
bronch/o bronchus (airway)
bronchi/o bronchus (airway)
bronchiol/o bronchiole (little airway)
capn/o carbon dioxide
carb/o carbon dioxide
laryng/o larynx (voice box)
lob/o lobe (a portion)
nas/o nose
rhin/o nose
or/o mouth
ox/o oxygen
palat/o palate
pharyng/o pharanx (throat)
phren/o diaphragm (also mind)
pleur/o pleura (lining of lungs)
pneum/o air or lung
pneumon/o air or lung
pulmon/o lung
sinus/o sinus (cavity)
spir/o breathing
tonsill/o tonsil
trache/o trachea (windpipe)
uvul/o uvula
cerebr/o cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
cerebell/o cerebellum (little brain)
esthesi/o sensation
gangli/o ganglion (knot)
gli/o glue
gnos/o knowing
kinesi/o movement
lex/o word or phrase
mening/o meninges (membrane)
meningi/o meninges (membrane)
narc/o stupor or sleep
neur/o nerve
phas/o speech
phob/o exaggerated fear or sensitivity
phor/o carry or bear
phren/o mind
psych/o mind
thym/o mind
schiz/o split
somat/o body
somn/o sleep
somn/i sleep
hypn/o sleep
spin/o spine (thorn)
stere/o three-dimensional or solid
tax/o order or coordination
thalam/o thalamus (a room)
top/o place
ventricul/o ventricle (belly or pouch)
abdomin/o abdomen
celi/o abdomen
lapar/o abdomen
an/o anus
appendic/o appendix
bil/i bile
chol/e bile
bucc/o cheek
cheil/o lip
col/o colon
colon/o colon
cyst/o bladder or sac
dent/i teeth
doch/o duct
duoden/o duodenum
enter/o small intestine
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
gingiv/o gum
gloss/o tongue
lingu/o tongue
hepat/o liver
hepatic/o liver
herni/o hernia
ile/o ileum
inguin/o groin
jejun/o jejunum (empty)
lith/o stone
stomat/o mouth
pancreat/o pancreas
peritone/o peritoneum
proct/o anus and rectum
pylor/o pylorus (gatekeeper)
rect/o rectum
sial/o saliva
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon (resembles)
encephal/o entire brain
Created by: tsuchiya