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Bonewit Chapt 16

Urinalysis- Karly Hayes

Failure of the kidneys to produce urine Anuria
The presence of bilirubin in the urine Bilirubinuria
The passing of a sterile catheter through the urethra and into the bladder to remove urine Bladder catheterization
Secretion and passage of large amounts of urine Diuresis
Difficult or painful urination Dysuria
The condition of having to urinate often Frequency
The presence of glucose in the urine Glycosuria
Blood present in the urine Hematuria
the presence of ketone bodies in the urine Ketonuria
An accumulation of large amounts of ketone bodies in the tissues and body fluids Ketosis
The act of voiding urine Micturition
The functional unit of the kidney Nephron
Excessive (voluntary) urination during the night Nocturia
Inability of an individual to control urination at night during sleep (bedwetting) Nocturnal enuresis
Decreased or scanty output of urine Oliguria
The unit that descibes the acidity or alkalinity of a solution pH
Increased output of urine Polyuria
The presence of protein in the urine Proteinuria
The presence of pus in the urine Pyuria
The concentration at which a substance in the blood that is not normally excreted by the kidneys begins to appear in the urine Renal threshold
The inability to empty the bladder. The urine is being produced normally but is not being voided. Retention
The measurements of the amount of dissolved substances present in the urine compared with the same amount of distalled water Specific gravity
The clear liquid that remains at the top after a precipiate settles Supernatant
The passing of a sterile needle through the abdominal wall into the bladder to remove urine Suprapubic asapiration
The immediate need to urine Urgency
The physical, chemical, and microscopic analyses of urine Urinalysis
The inability to retain urine Urinary incontinence
To empty the bladder Void
Involuntary loss of drops of urine Dribbling
Difficulty in starting (initiating) the flow of urine Hesitancy
Urinary tract infection UTI
Inflammation of the bladder Cystitis
Kidney stones Renal calculi
Narrowing of passageway interfering with movement of substances Stricture
Products normally in urine and excreted; retainted in blood through it Uremia
Yellow pigment; breakdown of HGB (yellow color) Urochrome
Invisable or hidden Occult
Substances setting at the bottom of a liquid Sediment
Notched or scalloped; condition of blood cells Crenated
Created by: karlyhayes