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Bonewit Chapt 8

The Gynecologic Examination and Prenatal Care- Karly Hayes

The termination of the pregnancy before the fetus reaches the age of viability (20 weeks) Abortion
Adjacent Adnexal
THe absence or cessation of the menstrual period. Amenorrhea occurs normally before puberty, during pregnancy and after menopause Amenorrhea
Deviation form the normal Atypical
Intermittent and irregular painless uterine contractions that occur throughout pregnancy. They ovvur more frequently toward the end of pregnancy and are sometimes mistaken for true labor pains Braxton Hicks contractions
The lower narrow end of the uterus that opens into the vagina Cervix
Examination of the cervix using a colposcope (a lighted instrument with a magnifying lens) Colposcopy
The science that deals with the study of cells, including their origin, structure, fuction, and pathology Cytology
The stretching of the external os from an opening a few millimeters wide to an opening large enough to allow the passage of a infant (approximately 10 cm) Dilation ( of the cervix )
Pain associated with the menstrual period Dysmenorrhea
Pain in the vagina or pelvis experienced by a women during secual intercourse Dyspareunia
The growth of abnormal cells. Dysplasia is a precancerous conditionthat may or may not develop into cancer Dysplasia
The part of the cervix that protects into the vagina and is lined with statified squamous epithelium Ectocervix
The thinning and shortening of the ccervial canal from its normal length of 1 to 2 cm to a structure with paper-thin edges in which there is no canal at all. Effacement occurs late in pregnancy, during labor, or both. The purpose of effacement along with Effacement
Dilation is permit the passage of the infant into the birth canal. Effacement
The child in utero form the time of conception to the beginning of the first trimester Embryo
The mucous membrane lining the cervical canal Endocervix
The entrance of the fetal head or the presenting part into the pelvic inlet Engagement
Projected birth date of the infant Expected date of delivery (EDD)
The opening of the cervical canal of the uterus into the vagina External os
The number of times per minute the fetal heart beats Fetal heart rate
THe sounds of the heartbeat of the fetus heard through the mother's abdominal wall Fetal heart tones
The child in utero from the third month after conception to birth; during the first 2 months of development, it is called and embryo Fetus
The dome-shaped upper portion of the uterus between the fallopian tubes Fundus
The period of intrauterine development from conception to birth; the period of pregnancy. The average pregnancy last about 280 days, or 40 weeks, fromt he date of conception to childbirth Gestation
The age of the fetus between conception and birth Gestational age
The total number of pregnancies a women has had regardless of duration, including a current pregnancy Gravidity
The branch of medicine that deals with the disease of reproductive organs of women Gynecology
A child from birth to 12 months of age Infant
The internal opening of the cervical canal into the uterus Internal os
A discharge from the uterus after delivery that consists of blood, tissue, white blood cells, and some bacteria Lochia
The permanent cessation of menstruation which usually occurs between the ages of 45 and 55 Menopause
Excessive bleeding during a menstrual period, in the number of days or te amount of blood or both. Also called dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB) Menorrhagia
Bleeding between menstrual periods. Metrorrhagia
A women who has been pregnant more than once Multigravida
A women who has completed two or more pregnancies to the age of fetal viability regardless of whether they ended in live infants or stillbirths Multipara
A women who has not carried a pregnancy to the point of fetal viability ( 20 weeks of gestation) Nullipara
The branch of medicine concerned with the care of the woman during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartal period. Obstetrics
The condition of having borne offspring regardless of the outcome Parity
before the onset of menopause, the phase during which the woman with regular periods changes to irregualr cycles and increased periods of amenorrhea Perimenopause
The external region between the vaginal orifice and the anus in a female and between the scrotum and the anus in a male Perineum
The relation of the presenting part of the fetus to the maternal pelvis Position
Occurring after childbirth Postpartum
A major complication of pregnancy, the cause of which is unknown, characterized by increasing hypertension, albuminuria and edema. If this condition is neglected or is not treated properly, it may develop into eclampsia, which could cause maternal Preeclampsia
convulsions and coma, Preeclampsia generally occurs between the 20th week of pregnancy and the end of the first week postpartum. Preeclampsia
Before birth Prenatal
Indication of the part of the fetus that is closest to the cervix and is delivered first. A cephalic presentation is a delivery in which the fetal head is presenting against the cervix. A breech presentation is a delivery in which the buttocks or feet Presentation
presented instead of the head. Presentation
Delivery occuring between 20 and 37 weeks of gestation regardless of whether the child was born alive or stillborn. Preterm birth
A woman who is pregnant for the first time Primigravida
A woman who has carried a pregnancy to fetal viability (20 weeks of gestation) for the first time regardless of whether the infant was stillborn or alive at birth Primipara
The period of time, usually 4 to 6 weeks after delivery, in whihc the uterus and the body systems are returning to normal Puerperium
The first movements of the fetus in utero as felt by the mother, which usually occur between 16 to 20 weeks of gestation and are felt consistently thereafter. Quickening
Anything that increases an individuals chance of developing a disease. Some risk factors (e.g., smoking) can be avoided, but others cannot (e.g., age and family history) Risk Factor
Delivery occuring after 37 weeks of gestation regardless of whether the infant was born alive or stillborn Term Birth
A condition that can occur in pregnant women that includes preeclampsia and eclampsia. If preeclampsia goes undiagnosed or is not satisfactorily controlled, it could develop into eclampsia, characterized by convulsions and coma Toxemia
Three months, or one third of gestation period of pregnancy. Trimester
The region of the external female genital organs Vulva
Created by: karlyhayes