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Bonewit Chapt 2

Medical Asepsis and the OSHA STandard- Karly Hayes

a microorganism that needs oxygen to live & grow AEROBE
A microorganism that grows best in the absence of oxygen ANAEROBE
An agent that inhibits the growth of or kills microorganisms ANTISEPTIC
Free from infection or pathogens; the actions practiced to make & maintain an area or object free from infection or pathogens ASEPSIS
Slender, hairlike projections that constantly beat toward the outside to remove microorganismas from the body CILIA
To soil or to make impure. An aseptic object becomes "this" when it touches something that is not clean CONTAMINATE
The use of physical or chemical means to remove, inactivate, or destroy pathogens on a surface or item to the point where they are no longer capable of transmitting infectious particles; the surface or item is rendered safe for handling, use or disposal DECONTAMINATION
The process of cleaning or sanitizing the hands HAND HYGIENE
The condition in which the body, or part of it , is invasded by a pathogen INFECTION
Practices that are employed to reduce the number & hinder the transmission of pathogens MEDICAL ASEPSIS
A microscopic plant or animal MICROORGANISM
Skin that has a break in the surface. It includes, but is not limited to, abrasions, cuts, hangnails, papercuts, & burns NONINTACT SKIN
A microorganism that does not normally produce diseases NONPATHOGEN
An infection that results from a defective immune system that cannot defend the body from pathogens normally found in the enviroment OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTION
The temperature at which an organism grows best OPTIMUM GROWTH TEMPERATURE
Taken into the body through the piering of the skin barrier or mucous membranes, such as through needlesticks, human bites, cuts & abrasions PARENTERAL
A disease-producing microorganism PATHOGEN
Relating to the period shortly before and after birth PERINATAL
The degree to which a solution is acidic or basic pH
Treatment administered to an individual after exposure to an infectious diseases to prevent the diease POSTEXPOSURE PROPHYLAXIS (PEP)
Medical waste that poses a threat to health and safety REGULATED MECIAL WASTE (RMW)
The organism that becomes infected by a pathogen & serves as a source of tansfer of the pathogen to others RESERVOIR HOST
Harmless, nonpathogenic microorganisms that normally reside on the skin & usually do not cause dieases; alson known as normal flora RESIDENT FLORA
Easily affected; lacking resistance SUSCEPTIBLE
Microorganisms that reside on the superficial skin layers & are picked up in the course of daily activites. They are often pathogenic but can be removed easily form the skin by sanitizing the hands TRANSIENT FLORA
Created by: karlyhayes