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Bonewit Chapt 8

The Gynecologic Examination and Prenatal Care- Sierra Waugh

Abortion The termination of the pregnancy before the fetus reaches the age of viability.
Adnexal Adjacent.
Amenorrhea The absence or cessation of the menstrual period. Amenorrhea occurs normally before puberty, during pregnancy and after menopause.
Atypical Deviation from the normal.
Braxton Hick Contractions Intermittment and irregular painless uterine contractions that occur throughout pregnancy. They occur more frequently toward the end of pregnancy and are sometimes mistaken for true labor pains.
Cervix The lower narrow end of the uterus that opens into the vagina.
Colposcopy Examination of the cervix using a colposcope.
Cytology The science that deals with the study of cells, including their origin, structure, function, and pathology.
Dilation The stretching of the external os from an opening a few millimeters wide to an opening large enough to allow the passage of an infant(approx. 10 cm)
Dysmenorrhea Pain associated with the menstrual period.
Dyspareunia Pain in the vagina or pelvis experienced by a women during sexual intercourse.
Dysplasia The growth of abnormal cells. Precancerous condition may or not develop into cancer.
Ectocervix The part of the cervix that projects into the vagina and lined with stratified squamous epithelium.
Effacement The thinning and shortning of the cervical canal from its normal length of 1 to 2 cm to a structure with paper thin edges in which there is no canal at all.
Embryo The child in utero from the time of conception to the beginning of the first trimester.
Endocervix The mucous membrane lining the cervical canal.
Engagement The entrance of the fetal head or the presenting part into the pelvic inlet.
Expected date of delivery Projected birth date of the infant.
External os The opening of the cervical canal of the uterus into the vagina.
Fetal heart rate The number of times per minute the fetal heart beats.
Fetal heart tones The sounds of the heartbeat of the fetus heard through the mothers abdominal wall.
Fetus The child in the utero from the 3rd month after conception to birth; during the first 2 months of developing its called embryo.
Fundus The dome shaped upper portion of the uterus between the fallopian tubes.
Gestation The period of intraterine development from conception; the period of pregnancy.
Gestational age The age of the fetus between conception and birth.
Gravidity The total number of pregnancies a woman has had regardless of duration , including a current pregnancy.
Gynecology The branch of medicine that deals with the diseases of reproductive organs of women.
Infant A child from birth to 12 months of age.
Internal os The internal opening of the cervical canal into the uterus.
Lochia A discharge from the uterus after delivery that consists of blood, tissue, white blood cells, and some bacteria.
Menopause The permanent cessation of mensuration which usually occurs between ages 45-55.
Menorrhagia Excessive bleeding during a menstrual period, in the number of days or the amount of blood or both.
Metorrhagia Bleeding between menstrual periods.
Multigravida A woman who has been pregnant more than once.
Multipara A woman who has completed two or more pregnancies to the age of fetal viability regardless of whether they ended in live infants.
Nullipara A woman who has not carried a pregnancy to the point of fetal viability.
Obstetrics The branch of medicine concerned with the care of woman during pregnancy.
Parity The condition of having borne offspring regardless of the outcome.
Perimenopause Before the onset of menopause, the phase during which the woman with reg. periods changes to irregular.
Perineum The external region between the vaginal orifice and the anus in females, and between the scrotum and anus in males.
Position The relation of the presenting part of the fetus to the maternal pelvis.
Postpartum Occuring after childbirth.
Preeclampsia A major complication of pregnancy, the cause of which is unknown, characterized by increasing hypertension and edema. Occurs between the 20th week of pregnancy and the end of the first week of postpartum.
Prenatal Before birth.
Presentation indication of the part of the fetus that is closes to the cervix & is delivered first; cephalic means the fetal head is presenting against the cervix; breech means the buttocks or feet are presented instead of the head
Preterm birth delivery occurring between 20 and 37 weeks of gestation regardless of wether the child was born alive or stillborn
Primigravida a woman who is pregnant for the first time
primipara a woman who has carried a pregnancy to fetal viability (20 weeks of gestation) for the first time, regardless of whether the infant was stillborn or alive at birth
puerperium the period of time, usually 4 to 6 weeks after deliver, in which the uterus and the body systems are returning to normal
quickening the first movements of the fetus in utero as felt by the mother, which usually occurs between 16 & 20 weeks of gestation; then consistently felt thereafter
risk factor anything that increases an individual's chance of developing a disease
term birth delivery occurring after 37 weeks of gestation regardless of whether the infant was born alive or stillborn
toxemia a condition that can occure in pregnant comen that includes preeclampsia and eclampsia
trimester three months, or one third, of the gestational period of pregnancy
vulva the region of the external female genital organs
Created by: sierrawaugh