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Bonewit Chapt 2

Medical Asepsis & the OSHA Standard - Sierra

Questioneat Answer
Aerobe The microorganism that needs oxygen to live and grow.
Anaerobe The microorganism that grows best in the absence of oxygen.
Antiseptic An agent that inhibits the growth of or kills mircoorganisms.
Asepsis Free from infection or pathogens.
Cilia Slender, hairlike projections that constantly beat toward the outside to remove MO's.
Contaminate To soil or make impure.
Decontamination The use of physical or chemical means to remove pathogens.
Hand Hygiene The process of cleansing or sanitizing the hands.
Infection The condition in which the body is invaded by a pathogen.
Medical Asepsis Practices that are employed to reduce the number and h inder the transmission of pathogens.
Microorganism A microscopic plant or animal
Nonintact skin Skin that has a break in the surface..cuts, hangnails, burns, etc.
Nonpathogen A microorganism that does not normally produce disease.
Opportunistic infection An infection that results from a defective immune system that cannot defend the body from pathogens.
Optimum growth temperature The temperature at which an organism grows best.
Parenteral Taken into the body through piercing of the skin barrier or mucous membranes.
Pathogen A disease producing microorganism.
Perinatal Relating to the period shortly before and after birth.
pH The degree to which a solution is acidic or basic.
PEP Treatment administered to an individual after exposure to an infectious disease to prevent the disease.
Regulated waste Medical waste that poses a threat to health and safety.
Reservoir host The organism that becomes infected by a pathogen and serves as a source of transfer to the pathogen to others.
Resident Flora Harmless nonpathogenic microorganisms that reside on the skin.
Susceptible Easily affected.
Transient flora Microoorganisms that reside on the superficial layer of the skin layers and are picked up in the course of daily activites.
Created by: sierrawaugh