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Module 1 AP Anatomy

Anatomy Terms

Gross Anatomy The study of the macroscopic structures of an organism.
Microscopic Anatomy The study of the microscopic structures of an organism.
Physiology The study of the functions of an organism and its parts.
Histology The study of tissues.
Organ A group of tissues specialized for a particular function.
Homeostasis A state of equilibrium in the body with respect to its functions, chemical levels, and tissues.
Effector A structure in the body that can change the value of a variable.
Selective Permeability The ability to let certain materials in or out while restricting others.
Endocytosis The process by which large molecules are taken into the cell.
Exosytosis Transportation of material from inside the cell to outside the cell.
Integumentary System Skin, hair, etc.
Skeletal System Bones, cartilage, etc.
Muscle System Muscles, tendons, etc.
Nervous System Brain, spinal cord, nerves, etc.
Endocrine System Pituitary gland, thyroid gland, etc.
Circulatory System Heart, veins, arteries, etc.
Lymphatic System Lymph nodes, lymph vessels, spleen, etc.
Digestive System Stomach, liver, intestines, etc.
Respiratory System Lungs, trachea, etc.
Urinary System Kidneys, bladder, etc.
Reproductive System Male - Testes, seminal vesicle, etc. Female - Ovaries, uterus, etc.
4 basic tissues Nervous tissue. Muscular tissue. Connective tissue. Epithelial tissue.
Plasma Membrane The boundary of the cell. It holds things together and it controls entry and exit of substances.
Nucleous Contains genetic material, which is also known as DNA
Ribosomes Synthesize proteins
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum A series of tubes which are used to transport inside of a cell, as well as the production of lipids and carbohydrates.
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum Used for transportation as well, but it is rough in appearance because of the ribosomes on it. It is also used to synthesize proteins.
Golgi Apparatus They take various chemicals and package them for many purposed including secretion.
Lysosome It's main function is to breakdown lipids, proteins, polysaccharides, and nucleic acids.
Mitochondria The major site of ATP synthesis in the cell.
Seven Levels of Organization 1. Organism 2. Organ Systems 3. Organs 4. Tissues 5. Cells 6. Organelles 7. Molecules
Stages of Mitosis 1. Prophase (Early and late) 2. Metaphase 3. Anaphase 4. Telophase
Created by: MeaghanSuzanne