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Bonewit #20

Medical Microbiology- Ayche Koester

bacilli bacteria that have a rod shape
cocci bacteria that have a round shape
colony a mass of bacteria growing on a solid culture medium that have arisen from the mutiplication of a signel bacterium
contagious capable of being transmitted directly or indirectly from one person to another
culture the propagation of a mass of microorganisms in a laboratory culture medium
culture medium a mixture of nutrients on which microorganisms are grown in the laboratory
false negative a test result denoting that a condition is absent when it is actually present
false positive a test result denoting that a condition is prsent when it is actually absent
fastidious extremely delicate difficult to culture & involving specialized growth requirements
immunization the process of becoming protected from a disease through vaccination
incubate in microbiology, the act of placing a culture in a chamber (incubator) that provides optimal growth requiements for the multiplication of the organisms, such as the proper temperature, humidity, & darkness
incubation period the interval of time between the invasion by a pathogenic microorganism & the appearacne of first symptoms of the disease
infectious disease a disease caused by a pathogen that produces harmful effects on its host
inoculate to introduce microorganisms into a culture medium for growth & multiplication
microbiology the scientific sstudy of microorganisms & their activities
mucous membrane a membrane lining body passages or cavities that open to the outside
normal flora harmless, nonpathogenic microorganisms that normally reside in many parts of the body but do not cause disease
resistance the natural ability of an organism to remain unaffected by harmful sutstances in its environment
sequela a morbid (secondary) condition occurring as a result of a less serious primary infection
smear material spread on a slide for microscope examination
specimen a small sample or part taken from the body to show the nature of the whole
spirilla bacteria that have a spiral or curved shape
streaking the process of inoculating a culture to provide for the growth of colonies on the surface of a solid medium; it is accomplished by skimming a wire inoculating loop that contains the specimen across the surface of the medium, using a back & forth motion
streptolysin an exotoxin produced by beta-hemolytic streptococci, which completely hemolyzed red blood cells
susceptible easily affected, lacking resistance