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Bonewit chapter 16

Urinalysis- Bri

Anuria Failure of the kidney to produce urine
Bilirubinuria The presence of bilirubin in the urine
Bladder catheterization The passing of a sterile catheter through the urethra and into the bladder to remove urine
Diuresis secretion and passage of large amounts of urine
Dysuria Difficult or painful urination
Frequency The condition of having to urinate often
Glycosuria The presence of glucose in the urine
Hematuria Blood present in the urine.
Ketonuria The presence of ketrone bodies in the urine
Ketosis An accumulstion of large amounts of ketone bodies in the tissues and body fluids.
Nephron The functional unit of the kidney
Nocturia excessive urination during the night
Nocturnal enuresis Inability of an individual to control urination at night during sleep (bedwetting)
Oliguria Decreased or scanty output of urine
pH The unit that describes the acidity or alkalinity of the solution
Polyuria Increased output of urine
Proteinuria The presence of protein in the urine
Pyuria The presence of pus in the urine.
Renal threshold The conncentration at which a substance in the blood that is not normally excreted by the kidneys begins to appear in the urine
Retention The inability to empty the bladder. The urine is being produced normally but is not being voided
Specfic gravity The weight of a substance compared with the weight of an equal volume of substance known as the standard. In urinalysis, the specific gravity refers to the measurement of the amount of dissolved substance present on the urine compared with the same amount
Supernatant The clear liquid that remains at the top after a precipitate settles.
Suprapublic aspiration The passing of a sterile needle through the abdominal wall into the bladder to remove urine.
Urgency The immediate need to urine.
Urinalysis The physical, chemical, and microscope analyses of urine.
Urunary incontinence The inability to return urine.
Void To empty the bladder.
Micturition normal act of voiding urinatiing.
Dribbling Involuntary loss of drops of urine.
Hesitancy Difficulty in starting the flow of urine.
UTI Urinary tract infection
Cystitis Inflammation of the bladder.
Renal Calculi Kidney stones
Stricture Narrowing of passageway interferring with movement of substances.
Uremia Products normally in urine and retained blood becomes toxic.
Urochrome Yellow pigment given break down from hemoglobin.
Occult invisible or hidden
Sediment Substances that settle at the bottom of a liquid
Crenated notched or scalloped in apperence.
Created by: briannagamble