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Bonewit #2

Medical Asepsis & The OSHA Standard- Shelby

Aerobe A microorganism that needs oxygen to live and grow
Anaerobe a microorganism that grows best in the absence of oxygen.
Antiseptic An agent that inhibits the growth of or kills microorganisms.
Asepsis Free from infection or pathogens: the actions practiced to make and maintain an area or object free from infection or pathogens.
Cilia Slender, hairlike projections that constantly beat toward the outside to remove microorganisms from the body
Contaminate To soil or to make impure. An aseptic object is contaminated when it touches something that is not clean.
Decontaminate The use of physical or chemical means to remove, inactivate or destroy pathogens on a surface or item to the point where they are no longer capable of transmitting infectious particles: the surface or item is rendered safe for handling use or disposal.
Hand Hygiene The process of cleansing or sanitizing the hands
Infection The condition in which the body, or part of it is invaded by a pathogen
Medical Asepsis Practices that are employed to reduced the number and hinder the transmission of pathogens
Microorganism A microscopic plant or animal
Nonintact Skin Skin that has a break in the surface. It includes but is not limited to abrasions, cuts, hangnails,paper cuts , and burns.
Nonpathogens A microorganism that does not normally produce disease
Opportunistic Infection An infection that results from a defective immune system that cannot defend the body from pathogens normally found in the environment.
optimum growth temperature The temperature at which an organism grows best
Parenteral Taken into the body through piercing of the skin barrier or mucous membranes, such as through needlesticks, human bites, cuts, and abrasions.
Pathogen A disease- producing microoganism.
Perinatal Relating to the period shortlybefore and after birth
pH The degree to which a solution is acidic or basic.
Postexposure prophylaxis Treatment administered to an individual after exposure to an infectious disease prevent the disease.
Regulated medical waste Medical waste that poses a threat to health and saftey.
Reservior host The organism that becomes infrected by a pathogen and serves as a source of transfer of the pathogen to others.
Resident flora Harmless, nonpathogenic miroorganisms that normally reside on the skin and usually do not casue disease. Also known as normal flora
Susceptible Easily affected: lacking resistance.
Transient flora Microorganisms that reside on the superficial skin layers and are picked up in the cource fo daily activities. They are often pathogenic but can be removed easily fron the skin by sanitizing the hands.
Created by: shelbycrank